Career is a thing almost importance to every human being. It is a basic factor to the type of life a person wants too have. Every young man and woman starts the quest for a career after a certain age. However, work and career for youth are not what they were, say, ten or five years ago. The changes brought about by technology, new working practices, new kind of work, and international competition mean that people need to be more flexible, willing to update their skills and able to plan and manage their careers. But unfortunately there is no planned development and appropriate personal and professional competence in the young. Job aspirants in our country have, therefore, tender to make career choices on the basis on change or parental pressure instead of taking well informed decision based on the match between today’s job market and personal abilities, interests and motivation.
I hope this article will prove a useful guide to students after crossing the schools stage and help them in choosing their future programme of studies or careers smoothly and in scientific way.
List of 50 Emerging Career Opportunities
A career in advertising is a glamorous one, and more and more young people are joining the industry. Advertising is actually brand-building through effective communication and is essentially a service industry. In advertising, the client or the company, when comes out with a new product or a new service, takes help of the media to reach more and more people and communicate brand effectiveness.
A career in advertising brings attractive remuneration and preps. The average range of monthly salaries approximate:
Accounts Servicing Trainee level- Rs. 16,500 to Rs 25,500 rising on confirmation; Accounts executive- Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 40,000 and at the level of Accounts Director- Rs 60,000 upwards plus perquisites.
Copy Department: Trainee level- Rs. 16,000 to Rs. 20,500 rising at Junior Art Executive to Rs. 30,000 to Rs 40,500 and at the level of Art Director to Rs. 60,000 upwards plus perquisites.
2. Art Restoration
Art is always a prized possession. A piece of art can be good investment, possession and also a good showpiece. And like any other object, a piece of art needs equal amount of care and proper maintenance. With the popularity of art and artifacts, many people have started joining this course. Nothing is permanent on this Earth. Time seems to overcome everything and with it all things deteriorate. In fact, this process of deterioration seems to set in as soon as an object is created. The natural process of deterioration has to be delayed certain cases especially in precious articles of artistic and aesthetic value. This process of retarding the deterioration of the product is termed as conservation. It is defined as one which concerns the preservation of the works of art, the control of their environment and their restoration. In conservation, the effort is to try and estimate the visible and not so visible effects of deterioration.
Since the price of the artifacts is very high, conservation requires rigorous effort and the handling charges are quite high. As a result, conservators are paid well depending upon the assignment. Through there are not too many permanent jobs but on an average, a conservator can earn a decent amount of money. Restoration is a limited enterprise and is mainly restricted to metros. Museums take care of their own collections, but hardly undertake any private assignments as they have their own permanent staff to do the job. But with more opportunities opening up, there are more and people especially girls, who are taking restoration as a full-time career.
Banking is an important economic activity in the country and the role of the banks is being redefined fast. After the liberalization policies came into play in the early nineties, the role of banks increased and their services have improved. Banks in any country are the backbone of its economy. Traditionally banks are known to mange wealth and their activities facilitate the basic economic processes of production, distribution and consumption. It is through their service charges and lending rates that banks earn profits for themselves and carry out their business. The numbers of services that banks provide have also increased like traveler’s cheque, finance projects, extend loans, small savings, credit facilities and encouragement to young entrepreneurs.
Banking career offers good remuneration and benefits. Approximate scales in various banks are:
Probationary officer up to Scale VI: Rs. 16,000 up to Rs. 32,000 per month with Rs. 1,200 increment per annum. Bank officers are also eligible for dearness allowance; house rant allowance; and city compensator allowance; salaries are higher in private sector and foreign banks. Most foreign banks offer the junior level executive a starting salary of about Rs five lakh per annum. Remuneration increases with seniority. Promotions are given according seniority and merit. Preference is given to officers who have passed the Indian Institute of Bankers examinations. In foreign banks promotion is based on merit, work experience, and personal drive.
4. Beauty Care
Business of beauty in India has never been as good as it is now. Partly because of Aishwarya Rai, Sushmita Sen and Diana Hayden, winning international beauty crowns and partly it is because of the growing awareness among Indians, especially Indian women to look good. Both men and women have become conscious of the fact that if they want to command respect and attraction in the society, they need to look good and groom themselves in a presentable form. Working women are spending more money on their beauty care products. Even college students are spending good amount of money on personal products.
The beauty business is very profitable business. Professional beauticians, hairdressers, manicurists and pedicurist earn decent salaries supplemented by commissions and generous tips from clients. The salary structure is based on the standing of the individual parlor you work in. Obviously a parlor established in a five-start hotel would offer more than what a modest neighborhood establishment would. This would vary from Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 75,000 per month depending on your experience and expertise. For a salon owner, average earnings may be five to six times that of the actual overhead expenditure.
5. Chartered Financial Analyst
The economic liberalization has brought in lot many changes in the way business in India is being done. It has thrown open new avenues to Indian companies and many of them are becoming self reliant and looking at the global market for trade and commerce. The work of a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) in the new business environment, has assumed bigger role and they help Chartered Accountants in their work. Otherwise, CFA programme is a training programme for financial executives to upgrade their skills in corporate financial management, investment management and financial services.
An employer’s interest in ICFAI graduates is strong, with most students receiving offers for challenging professional positions with attractive salaries and perks. The remuneration package is comparable to the best in the field of finance and is similar to that earned by CAs, MBAs etc. A CFA is paid Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 36,000.
6. Civil Aviation
Aeroplane has been one of the most important inventions in the history of civilization. It made possible for people to commute from one place to other, with ease and comfort. Aeroplanes have brought the world closer, making it a global community. The aviation industry has been growing at a rapid pace. It is also one of the largest foreign exchange earning industries in the country with a promising future. Aviation is an important contribution factor in the country’s economic growth. Air travel, though expensive, has become very convenient. One can reach one’s destination within a short time and make use of the time gained in other activities. Today, more than ever before, larger numbers of people are traveling by air, either on business or for pleasure.
Junior or Assistant Level, or equivalent Rs 5,000 – 70,000, Manager, or equivalent: Rs. 72,000-120,000, Trainee Pilot: Rs. 60,000-85,000. Pilots are also entitled to a range of benefits and allowances in addition to housing, medial and out-station allowances as well as free / confessional air passage for their immediate family and dependents.
Private airlines offer a higher salary. The basis starting salary for pilots in the private airlines ranges between Rs. 80,000-1, 00,000 p.m. excluding allowances.
Air-Hostesses and Flight Pursers start on salaries between Rs. 60,000 -80,000 p.m. plus benefits. In the private sector, the range is over Rs. 55,000 p.m.
7. Civil Services
In India, It’s a dream job to become a civil servant. But due to tough competition only a handful can actually achieve it. It is the most prestigious job of the land and commands high respect in the society. The process of finally clearing the Civil Services examination is very cumbersome process and the prospective candidate has to slog a lot to clear all the three stages.
The Civil Services Examination is divided into three phases. The first is the Preliminary and is called as Prelims Examination, where objective type questions are being tested with choice of one optional paper. On clearing, the candidate appear on the second phase-the mains examination where detailed written examination on two optional papers and papers on English a modern Indian Language and General Knowledge are taken. And finally on clearing it, the interview takes place.
8. Company Secretaryship
Opportunities in business are growing at a rapid pace and people who want to make a good career in the corporate world should always arm themselves with some professional qualifications.
Section 383 A of the Companies Act, 1956 requires that any company with a paid up, capital of Rs. 50 lakh or more will have to appoint a whole time Company Secretary (CS) who is member of the Institute of Company Secretary of India (ICSI). However if the company has a paid-up share capital of less than Rs 50 lakh, an ICSI intermediate can be appointed as CS. The companies seeking on the stock exchange also have to appoint a CS failing which they could invite penal action or fine.
By virtue of professional education and training, a Company Secretary has become an important in the corporate world. He is a vital link between the company, the board of directors, the shareholders and governmental agencies. He is a principal officer of the company recognized as such even by statues. A company Secretary has been recognized by various enactments as one of the principal officers of the company.
Company Secretaries command high salaries, as compared to other managerial staffs. The scale various from company to company and also depends on the kind of experience and knowledge the candidate commands. Here is the ballpark figure.
Junior Secretarial Officer Rs. 30,000 plus per month, Deputy Company Secretary: Rs. 50,000 plus per month, Company Secretary: Rs. 60,000 plus per month, Financial Controller: Rs. 90,000 plus per month.
9. Cost Accountancy
A business organization can grow if only the accounts department is strong. Moreover, it is the Accounts Department, which can draw up a good resource utilization programme and cost saving mechanism so that the company gets good profit margin.
The role of Cost Accountants has been mainly interwoven into the fabric of management itself. To define it broadly, the role of Cost and Management Accountants mainly consists of working in stabilizing budgets and standards, evaluating operating efficiency and effectiveness of production and service management. An accountant also works in formulating the profit planning programme, guiding managerial decision, identifying accountability of cost and profit variances thus bringing profit to the organization.
10. Fabric Design
A career in fabric designing is comparatively a new career which is fast becoming a challenging one. More and more people are entering the career of fabric designer. Fashion and Textile Designing go simultaneously. In many circles, Fashion Designing is considered a hyped career and any one who wishes to pursue this career is often looked upon with great reverence. More and more people are joining various fashion designing institutes and the opportunities are aplenty. Secondly fashion designers can rub shoulders with the big guns of society.
11. Fashion Technology
A career in fashion technology a decade ago was just confined to rich and influential families. But things are changing and more and more common people are joining the profession. A career in fashion not only involves meeting glamorous people and interacting with rich and famous but also gives an impetus to the creative flair of the people who possess a sense of style.
Fashion designers and authorities from all over the world have been greatly attracted to India. There ample evidence that India does have an impressive record of foreign exchange earnings from export of garment industry and this industry is steadily growing. Indian designers like Ritu Beri, Suneet Verma, Ravi Bajar etc. have carved a niche for themselves in the international market and their dresses tag a hefty price.
12. Fine Art and Commercial Art
Art is an abstract concept. But you can make a living and career out of it. More and more younger people are attracted by the concept of art as they find it something which is coming from their core of heart. Art includes drawing, painting, sketching and sculpture.
The application of commercial art is found mostly everywhere and commercial artists make a lot of money and thriving career from their passion. The application of commercial art can be seen in illustrations for advertisements, displays, books, book jacket, magazines, posters, packaging, etc. The extension of these arts to the industrial field embraces exhibitions and window displays, hoarding, technical catalogues, cinema slides etc. Commercial art is concerned with training artists in the planning and execution of advertising and publicity.
The remuneration of commercial artists varies. Commercial artists designing magazine covers, etc. start with a salary of Rs. 15,000-20,000 per month. At a senior level they can draw as much as Rs. 50,000-55,000 per month. Freelance Commercial artists can draw anything between Rs. 12,500-75,000 or more depending upon how established they are. Academies such as the Lalit Kala Akademi, etc. reward artists for exceptional work. These awards enable young talented artists to gain recognition.
13. Foreign Languages
To visit a foreign country is always appealing. The fun becomes much more if the language of the country is well known as it become simple for one to interact and converse with the native. Foreign language as a career has always been a very attractive proposition. Especially It is more attractive to girls who are outgoing and have a flair for languages. The opportunities are immense starting from a tour operator to an interpreter.
If you have flair with words and want to learn about foreign counties a foreign language course can earn rich dividends. The globalization of economy, with multination coming to India and more and more Indian companies going for joint ventures abroad have opened up job scenario for those proficient in foreign languages.
If one opts for teaching, emoluments are according to fixed scales. This could be between Rs. 30,000 and 40,000 for a lecturer and more than 50,000 for a professor. A translator can earn between Rs. 150 to 300 per page. If the document is of technical nature, a translator gets more. An interpreter gets paid by the hours and the current market rate is anywhere between Rs. 900-1500 per hour. After four to five years, an interpreter can expect Rs. 45,000 to Rs. 60,000. International organization pays better. When working for embassies, a specialist can get between Rs. 24,000 to 30,000.
14. Foreign Trade Exports & Imports
A country prospers if its trade links are kept better with other countries the development of nay country depends on the free exchange of goods and trade ties with other countries. Countries like USA and UK are always encouraging free movement of goods. Even smaller countries are also encouraging free trade.
India’s export potential has increased over the years and it is likely to rise further. As a result of liberalization, India is diversifying its commercial relationship with other countries. Over the years an extensive export promotion system has evolved. To boost up export, various export promotion bodies and export service institutions have been set up which looks into the matter of diversification. Estimates show that India’s exports over the last couple of years have grown by more than 20 percent while the rate of increase of imports has actually fallen down.
Senior Managers: Rs 45,000 plus per month, Junior Executives Rs. 15,000 plus per month, Documentation Assistants Rs. 15,000 plus per month, Purchase Officer: Rs. 20,000 per month.
Hotel industry in India is the fastest growing industry. The number of international travelers both for business and leisure is also fast increasing. Infact it is estimated that the number of international travelers will multiply two times in a couple of years.
In the global context too, tourism is the fastest growing industry. Besides, changing social trends and growing affluence have given people more leisure and money to travel. This is why tourism is the world’s single largest industry. And, that’s not all. As people become more prosperous and enjoy greater leisure communications, grow more effective, and business more international, the tourism industry is expected to keep growing smartly in the next ten years as well; clear straws in the wind that tourism is firmly riding an explosive growth wave.
General Managers: Rs 60,000 plus, F&B Manager: Rs. 35,000 plus, Front Office Manager Rs. 30,000 plus, Restaurant Manager: Rs. 25,000 plus, Executive Housekeeping: Rs. 18,000 plus.
Journalism is a bold, dynamic and thriving career. It needs an imaginative mind, good writing skills and a nose for news. Once you decide to become a writer, you have several options in media to choose from: print and electronic, advertising and marketing, video and films, hi-tech and management communication.
Internship during the final year of a gradation degree programme in journalism is the ideal starting point for job hunting. You will be noticed if you have done well, and the newspaper or magazine you have worked with may offer you a job without your even asking for it. If not to consider your internship a failure, you just have to sell your wares the hard way, by trial and error.
The salary structure in journalism is not at par with any other consumer durable industry. To start up with a reporter in a newspaper can start with a salary of Rs. 15,000 which will increase with experience. Similarly a sub-editor on the desk can start up with a salary of Rs. 12,000 which will increase with experience.
A career in Law attaches great prestige as one can rub shoulder with big wigs and earn good money thereby leading an opulent life style. Secondly, successful lawyers are glamorized by the media and lead a high profile public life.
Most legal luminaries, though much less spectacular, are occupied with work that is not only demanding and difficult but also interesting and fulfilling. Good lawyers are reasonably well-paid. Though, several others do find it very hard to achieve success. The profession of Law is a highly competitive business, and in some ways it is becoming harder to make a mark. But while your earnings are often modest to begin with, they do increase with experience and expertise. At the pinnacle of his/her career a lawyer can earn lakhs of rupees per month.
Books are the best source of information. They contain facts and information of all kinds and a person who has a voracious reading habit need not worry about loneliness. But books do not come cheap and some of them are really expensive. It takes somebody’s life time to build an impressive collection of books one who does it makes sure that the books are well maintained and cataloged for future references.
If one is not a position to buy books, there are libraries which lend them to avid readers. Libraries are of different kinds right from specialized to general readership ones. It is the work of al librarian to procure new set of books, catalogue them properly and make easy for readers retrieval. Secondly, the librarian also catalogues periodicals, magazines, journals and research papers so that they can be taken out easily.
Remuneration and perks of a librarian varies in accordance with qualifications, experience, past work record and over all performance. Though it is not a highly paid job, but one can find enough job satisfaction.
At present there are about 80 library schools in the country conducing a one-year bachelor’s degrees course (B.Lib. Sc, B.Li.Sc). About 50 of them offer one or more year’s course lading to M.Li.Sc. A few universities like IGNOU and Annamali run correspondence courses the duration of which ranges from four months to one year.
Delhi University is the only university conducting a one only university conduction a one-year M. Phil programme in library science.
The bachelor’s degree holders in Library and Information Science join usually as assistant librarians at monthly salaries of Rs. 16,000 approximately. The terms and conditions of employment vary from one place to another. In commercial organizations, salaries could range between Rs. 16,000 to Rs. 60,000 depending upon qualifications, experience level and responsibility of the job.
19. Master of Business Management
As more and more business opportunities flourish in the country, a career in business management gets prime importance. The nineties is the era of specialization and corporate houses are looking for people who have specialization in a particular field of business management.
Gradually Business Management is becoming the most sought after career by the young generation and pay packet and perks the career offers is immense. There are plenty of job opportunities for a business management graduate and he or she is always on a fast track. With globalization of business taking place all over the country, Indian managers are looking with an international approach. Secondly with the internet going places, managers of today are accessing global information.
The salary structure is always very high for management graduates. The starting salaries are high depending upon the size of the company. There is no rigid pay structure and it all depends on the candidate’s educational qualification, work experience and track-record. As one goes higher the corporate ladder, the salary structure increases manifolds.
Modeling is a stepping stone to career in films. Apart from good money, modeling also gives a good exposure to the person.
In order to be a successful model the minimum requirement is good height, well-built physique, a charming face to endorse multiple brands, good communication skills and acting skills. All these clubbed together makes a successful model and provides a good plank to make a career in films.
Advertising business has been growing rapidly in the last few years and the growth projection is promising for the future. Modeling is very competitive business. One has to be very cautious in dealing with clients, photographers, and related people in the trade.
There is no set remuneration package, for a model. A model’s earnings depend on the frequency of work being done and individual popularity. An established model can earn on an average of Rs. 40,000 to 70,000 plus per month and few exception ones even more than this. Models earn more in catwalks and commercial campaigns.
Packaging is an integral part of marketing any product with a fine touch. Packaging adds to the glamour of the product and makes the item sell fast. It also plays a very vital role in making consumers decide on the particular brand. An increasing demand for quality packaging has resulted in a boom in the industry. Domestic corporate, following the pat of multinationals in laying stress on international standards in packaging, are giving a further boost tot eh demand for packaging.
The variety of packaging material ranges from the traditional wood, paper, tinplate and glass to all kinds of paper boards, plastic and flexible packaging. Due to greater awareness of environment-friendly packaging, bio-degradable materials are also coming up in a big way.
Supervisors in the packaging industry start on a salary of Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 12,000 per month. Executives in the industry receive a staring salary of Rs. 16,000 to 22,000 plus per month.
22. Printing Technology
Printing is a part of the mass communication process. Printings often called the ‘mother art of civilization. ‘Printing industry, right from its inception, has been an industry in which technical skills are paramount importance. Each person here has a specific and specialized role to perform and contribute to the final result.
Anything we read is born out of printing, and the new developments in the mode and medium of printing is called Printing Technology. Printing means production of multiple copies of an original image, like the text and illustrations, using printing which is pressed on the requisite material.
The job offers good remuneration in the production department of newspapers and magazines. A student with a diploma course in Printing Technology is recruited as a trainee for a period of six months to one year and gets a monthly stipend of Rs. 12,000-16,000. After the training he is employed as production supervisor and can expect a package between Rs. 20,000 and 30,000. As the candidate’s experience increases the salary figure zooms up. Those in the teaching line get the UGC scales. Banks pay according to the regulations of banking boards.
23. Public Relations
Public Relations, as the name suggests, is used to generate a good image of the product or the company. Image and publicity development is very important in the growth of a person or a product or for that matter an organization.
Celebrities thrive for publicity and it is publicity which makes them what they are today. They have to be constantly on news and gather public status and confidence which makes them to clinch bigger deals. Even industries need a great amount of public relations work in order to be in the good books of their customers, dealers, investors and become an object of envy to their rivals.
To become a professional Public Relations Consultant, it is imperative that the person has a liking for meeting new people, has an ability to interact with all kind of people and build a rapport with them, maintains a cool composition during crisis and is overall polite. The other traits should be a good news sense, good organization skills and quick decision making abilities.
Since the industry is careers comparatively new, salary structure is not very well structured. But there is always the best for the right candidate.
Trainee Executives: Rs. 12,000 per month and other related perks, Senior Executives: Rs. 30,000 per month, Directors: Rs. 40,000-60,000 per month.
Books have a timeless memory. They are being published since the ages and have served the humanity to record its deeds. In early days, before the advent of the computers, publishing was done manually which used to a very cumbersome and time consuming task. But with the availability of new technology, things have become much easier.
Publishing is gradually become a big industry with thousand and thousands of new titles coming in very year. Publishing means not just printing books, it means packaging a book, pricing and marketing a book in the right earnest. The job of a publisher is to get hold of a manuscript, and turn in into a finished product.
Though publishing is not a very lucrative career for people who are looking for big money, but there are some other advantages in publishing career. The most important thin is the advantages in publishing career. The most important thing is the respect one commands in the society. Publishing gives a very high standing to a person in the society and he or she interacts with the best of creative talents in the country. Salaries and grades vary from one publishing house to another.
An Editorial Assistant gets anything above Rs. 16,000. An Assistant Editor gets between Rs. 16,000 25,000 per month. An Editor gets any thing above Rs. 50,000 per month. A production Assistant gets anything above 24,000. A Production Manager gets anything above Rs. 50,000 per month.
Indian Railways, which is fully owned and managed by the Central Government, has the responsibility of catering to the multiple needs of a large population and a developing economy.
The development plans of Indian Railways are drawn up within the framework of the national five-year plans. Plan expenditure, which was Rs. 30,098,8 crore for the period 1950-1974, has risen to Rs. 434,100 crore during the eight five-year plans. The IR network has a route length of 62,660 km and a total track length of 1,08,920 km. while most of the rail traffic is carried on in what is known as Broad Gauge (1676mm), there are also Metre Gauge (1000,,) and Narrow Gauge (762mm)s tracks as well.
The IR is dived into nine territorial zones. Each zone is headed by a General Manager who is responsible for the efficient operation and financial viability of his zonal railway. His responsibilities include visualization and execution of the planned development of his zone.
The monthly pay and allowances of the railway staff and officers are in accordance with the Central Pay Commission Recommendations which are recently accepted by the Central Government. However, different government departments have different perks to offer to their employees. Indian Railways, engaged in transport business offer good perks to their employees.
26. Sales and Marketing
A company prospers if its sales team is effective. It is because ultimately they are the ones who would sell the product which a company will manufacture. Therefore, it is very important that the sales and marketing team is effective and they can smart sell the products.
The sales team of a company enhances the material prosperity of the company. It is they who ultimately create the brand and make it reach across millions of people. “Marketing and Sales” was earlier a rather a vague term, loosely describing an assortment of tasks under the broader classification of an important input in business. Over the years, its scope has been more precisely defined as a specialist function of management.
With increase in competition and ever expanding global markets the potential of marketing has increased many folds.
27. Social Work
The name Social Work often implies voluntary service. This might make one feel as to what kind of career option one has vis-à-vis social work. Social work cannot be clubbed with any other profession and involves a deep knowledge of the subject and human psyche. It involves not just your knowledge and skills but also your values, beliefs, feelings and convictions.
Most colleges have a National service Scheme (NSS) programme. While the degree of activeness may differ from college to college, it would be a good idea to participate in short term or even more intensively in long term projects. The work would involve taking up projects like tree planting, visiting social welfare organizations, fund raising, organizing blood donation camps, etc. Being a student out there is gaining valuable experience. You can utilize your after-college hours to great advantage.
There is no composite pay parity vis-à-vis Social Work. Estimates says that for a fresh post-graduate in MSW, joining a NGO would fetch a salary of Rs. 20,000 per month and the figure would increase with experience and performance.
In earlier days sports was never considered as a profession that can earn a decent live hood. It was more of a recreational kind with some kind of interest. Sports were actively pursued at the school level, but as one grew older, they discontinued.
Things have changed now and with multinational companies setting up shops, sports have become a mega business and players earn mega money from various sporting events. Of course sports like Cricket, Tennis, and Golf command very high prize money often in crores of rupees. Apart from making money from the play alone, a sportsman can also make money though various endorsements like scholarships, prize money, contracts, endorsements, revenue from TV telecasts.
While only a limited number of sports persons make a full-time living out of professional sports, there are several scholarships and awards for exceptional performance at state, national and international levels. The Department of Youth Affairs and Sports Ministry of Human Resource Department have instituted scholarships for students of secondary school / colleges / university, selected for excellence in sports at the state or national levels. Secondary school students must be 17 years of age at the time of application for scholarships, which is renewable up to the age of 18. The valve of a scholarship for those who have qualified in a national sports event is around Rs. 10,000.
The Department also bestows awards for exceptional performances in international sports events. To mention a few special awards of the department, the gold, silver and bronze medal winners at the Olympics and official world championships are given Rs.20 lakh, Rs. 15 lakh, and Rs. 10 lakh in individual events.
At a later stage, sports persons can avail of the sports quota to acquire a job, although it is limited to admission in the clerical grade, in various government and private concerns like central Industrial Security Force, Border Security Force, the Railways, Income Tax Dept, Post & Telegraph, Telecommunications, and Police Departments etc.
The role of teachers in our society was a very respected on though it is dwindling with each passing day as gross materialism is encompassing every facet of our society. Teachers are the people who are supported to build the basic fabric of our nation.
Good teachers can shape a child’s overall development. A good teacher through his or her self discipline can thoroughly alter the perspective of a kid. For education to be wholesome, emphasis must be placed equally on the development of a well-rounded personality of the person and his academics.
Scales of pay for Primary School Teacher: Government School Rs. 18,000 plus per month, Private Schools: Anything above Rs. 15,000. Scales of pay for Junior School Teachers: Government Schools: Rs. 21,000 plus per month, Private Schools: Anything above 20,000. Scales of pay for Secondary School Teachers: Rs. 25,000 plus per month. Scales of pay for College Lecturers, Readers and Professor: Rs. 40,000 and above per month.
30. Electronic Media
Television has been one of the greatest inventions of the 20th century. It has not only helped invisible faces and facts to be brought to light, but has also revolutionized the way news is presented to the public.
In India, television news started way back in the seventies, but the real boom came during the Gulf War when one could see charred bodies and Scud missiles attacking enemy warships, right into the bedroom. In India the unprecedented boom in the television and broadcasting industry came about in the nineties when airways were thrown open to private operators.
This opening of they sky spearheaded the satellite revolution which one the course of years have made their undesirable impact on the lifestyle and values of the middle and upper middle classes.
They have also opened multiple career opportunities for the enterprising in the electronic media.
Producer, Senior / Executive Producer, Rs. 70,000 per month. If you work as an independent professional, you could earn much more depending on the project you do-as much as Rs. 1,00,000 to Rs. 1,50,000 a month.
Newscaster on Doordarshan is paid Rs. 3000 per appearance, Newsreaders on private channels can expect Rs. 30,000 per month.
Floor Manager: Rs. 18,000-30,000 per month.
Music Composer: Rs. 24,000 to Rs. 60,000 for a minute of audio track.
Production Assistant: Rs 15,000 per month.
Researcher: Rs. 16,000 to Rs. 24,000 per month.
Script Editor: Rs. 1,200 to Rs. 3,000 per hour.
Sound Recordists: Rs. 6,000 to Rs. 9,000 per day.
Cameraman: He could earn between Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 60,000 per episode.
31. Travel and Tourism
Travel and tourism is one of the biggest foreign exchange earning industries of the country. With India’s rich diversity and tourist potential, the country does offer many opportunities and great gateways.
The most important advantage of the travel and tourism industry is that it has host of other overlapping industries like hospitality, leisure, surface transport, civil aviation and communications. Being a service-based industry, it is also interconnected with innumerable other areas. Work in the travel and tourism industry is essentially concerned with providing services for people who are away from home, for business purpose or on holiday.
Due to improvement in transport and communication system, the volume of people traveling has increased and the industry has grown in volume. Secondly, the growth in the list of foreign tourists has also increased, thus generating a good volume.
Counter Clerk: Rs. 12,000-16,000
Assistant: Rs. 18,000-24,000
Junior Executive: Rs. 24,000-28,000
Regional Manager: Rs. 32,000-40,000
General Manager: Rs. 40,000-60,000
For a country like India, agricultural practices account for a major share of livelihood. Since more than 70 percent of our population stays in rural areas, agricultural activities are the primary source of income. Secondly, with the massive population of country, agricultural productions have to be in plenty to feed million of mouths.
Agriculture sector which employs about two-thirds o the labor force has vital supply and demand links with the manufacturing sector. It is the source not only of food, but also raw materials to the manufacturing sector. While the farmer cultivates the land and grows plants, industries process, distribute and transport farm products and farm supplies. Scientists applying the principles of biochemistry, genetics or microbiology provide the technological support for the development to feed, clothe and house a growing population.
Agriculture is a vast and diversified industry which encompasses so many areas, and there are numerous careers for young people to consider in this field. With the opening up of the Indian economy, the potential for growth in this sector has witnessed a further increase. There exists a large demand, both domestic and international, for agro-based products. Given the increasing expansion there exists a need not only for farmers and people working directly in the fields but also for specialists in rural management. It is also vital to have people engaged in research and development, so as to further the potential for this sector.
Housing is the first priority of human beings. A safe house is what everybody aspires. But it is only lucky few who actually build one. There are many phases of building a house and participation of all type skilled and unskilled workers Is of utmost importance.
In the business of construction, coordination between various type of people is very important. There is need for architects, engineers and contractors, and the other hand carpenters, bricklayers and many others.
The architect is responsible for the planning, designing and supervising of construction works. The architect consults clients, plans layouts of structures and prepares sketches of proposed buildings.
Apart from architects, there are many other services people who are required in construction business. Similarly for a Town and Country Planner the primary task of the town and country planer is to ensure the best utilization of land. Design layouts, co-ordination of development of towns, cities and colonies, taking into consideration various aspects such as financial resources, location of residential areas, industries, schools, parks, etc. is all taken care of by the planner. The town and country planner may have to conduct field surveys and studies to collect necessary information relating to geographical conditions of a particular place. The final task is to present the plan in the form of a model, chart or sketches.
A qualified Architect can start with a salary of Rs. 25,000-30,000 in government organizations. The council of Architecture has laid down a standard scale of remuneration for services. This is calculated at a parentage of the tendered cost of the project and ranges from one percent to ten percent depending on the structure and the job undertaken. Often this percentage fee extends to other construction services too. Therefore, the actual rate is not fixed and one can earn a good amount of money through the profession.
Comparatively a new subject, Biotechnology has become a very important subject in the field of medical science. The importance has grown, because of new kind of medicines hitting the market shelves almost every day.
The application of Biotechnology can be found in medicine, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, environment and many allied areas.
The industrial use of Biotechnology is very wide spread and with new GATT regulations being introduced, the importance is fast growing. To add up, the use of Biotechnology can be further found in places like textiles industry, agriculture industry, petroleum industry, food processing industry, plantation industry and the synthetic industry. As the name suggests, Biotechnology industry is totally research driver and it calls for innovative research for practical application in the society.
Salaries and perks are higher for a biotechnologist since it is a specialized area and there is a scarcity of manpower in the industry.
To start, the candidate can command a salary of Rs. 24,000 plus and other admissible perks. As one grows and gains specialization, the salary proportionately increases and future prospects gradually brighten. There are plenty of overseas opportunities of Indian students in countries like Canada, the US and other European countries. The salary structure for Indian biotechnologists in aboard is quite high.
Biotechnology is a rapidly growing subject, with frequent advances being made through research and development. In the face of increased industrialization, India is a virgin field for biotechnological advancement, and the second fastest growing employment sector after multi-media.
Computers or Information Technology has made the most rapidly growing industry in the nineties. The record has been prevalent in most countries and in India the virtual sweep has been going better and better everyday. The Information Technology industry has never been so good in the past than what it is today.
Computers are being used in day to day life by everyone and whatever information one needs to retrieve can be done at the flip of a mouse. The range of applications that a computer can do is immense and the benefits are plenty.
Apart from the hardware, many interesting software’s have come up which have revolutionized the way of working of computer experts. Multi-media is another revolution which has changed many faces and many types of software have come in the market.
Computer industry is the highest paid industry in the country. The career growth structure is also very promising and one can climb the ladder very fast.
Programme Assistant – Rs. 8,000
Senior Programmer – Rs. 18,000
Junior Systems Analyst – Rs. 12,000
Senior Systems Analyst – Rs. 18,000
Service Engineer – Rs. 20,000
Hardware Engineer Rs. 22,000
3D Graphic Artist – Rs. 20,000
Senior Artists – Rs. 30,000-60,000
Trainee Animators – Rs. 15,000
Assistant Animators – Rs. 20,000-30,000
Designers – Rs. 40,000-80,000
36. Dairy Technology
Diary industry is one of the most fledging industries in India. It is because of the labor intensiveness nature of daily technology and our majority population living in the rural areas. Dairy products are a major exporting industry and earn considerable foreign exchange. Of late, India has achieved the distinction of being the largest producers of milk in the world.
In fact at the time of independence when the economic policies were made, agriculture and dairy were given the top most priority and it was decided that India would maintain its agrarian character and export of dairy and agrarian products would fetch the country good economy. In the west things are taught in a more mechanized version with the help of the computer and other scientific aids. But things are not that improved in India and we still go the manual way. Developing country like China and Mexico also emphasizes on development of the Dairy Sector and as a result the both the countries have done well in their domestic economic front. They have been able to garner a good foreign exchange market which has added a good booty to their foreign exchange kitty thus shaping up the country’s economy very well. India is also going by the Chinese model of dairy development and certain states are following intensive dairy technology means under the guidelines development by the centre. The results have been very encouraging and following their cases other states are also following the same codes.
To begin with, dairy technology graduates are usually recruited as trainees, shift officers in dairy plants. They move on to become assistant managers and on towards senior management positions. While a trainee usually gets a stipend of Rs. 8,000 p.m., officers on confirmation draw around Rs. 24,000 a month. At a senior management level, one draws around Rs. 40,000 or more. But one can generally expect his after about 10 years of experience.
The salary structure increases as and when the person climbs the corporate ladder and with his experience. The salary structure is also compatible to the industry and one company and willing to pay good amount to the deserving candidates.
Engineering has always been one of the most sought after careers. Given the tremendous growth and job satisfaction it will remain so in the years to come also. Both parents and the child burn midnight lamp to prepare for the entrance exams which is becoming more and more competitive. There is a common myth among parents and students that one has to be really brilliant and the topper to pass the engineering entrance examination. However, it is not so. A student has to be good in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and should have a logical bent of mind.
Engineers work with structures, tools, machines, metals, chemicals, etc. and use their alertness of mind and creativity to innovate and create new things or bring modifications to already existing machines.
From the conventional three streams- civil, electrical and mechanical engineering, many more new avenues have opened up and a student has now a multiple options of course to pursue. Each stream has its specific importance, and the career prospect in any of the course is equally bright.
Those engineers, who choose to work in the private sector, negotiate their terms and condition with the management themselves. Most fresh engineers start at Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month, with allowances. Those that go to add a management degree in addition to engineering can command salaries of Rs. 35,000 to 1, 00,000 per month.
In the government sector, the salary scale for engineers starts at Rs. 7,000 to 12,000 for Junior Engineers. The basic scale for Assistant Engineers is Rs. 8,000 to Rs. 16,000. Assistant Executive Engineer draws salaries in the range of Rs. 8,500 to Rs. 18,000. Executive Engineers gets Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 20,000 while Superintendent Engineers receive salaries in the range of Rs. 16,000 to 24,000.
A career in medicine is being considered to be among the most lucrative and prestigious careers in modern times. Apart form being lucrative, the career also offers immense growth opportunities and a high degree of job satisfaction.
Over the years, medical research has made tremendous strides and new medicines and surgeries pertaining to hitnert to incurable diseases have been introduced. But as newer treatment techniques have evolved, newer disease has also evolved marking it difficult for physicians to diagnose them.
A doctor’s profession involves a lot of hard work and at the same time, it brings along with it the satisfaction of having cured patients and of having alleviated pain and suffering. Doctors all over the world are treated with great respect and the scope and prospects in the medical field are always bright.
The medical profession is lucrative for private practitioners. Doctors can have jobs with high emoluments, and at the same time, continue their private practice. The approximate initial remuneration in the government sectors various between Rs. 60,000 to 80,000 per month. However, private practitioners can earn a lot of money once their practice gets established.
39. Merchant Navy
A career in Merchant Navy is deemed to be prosperous career opportunity. This career gives one the opportunity to visit new places and see new people and earn a hefty pay packet.
But the career has its drawbacks too. Most of the time one has to sail and many a time family life is neglected. But the kind of monetary package and perks the career offers is fabulous as compared to other career opportunities. The definition of merchant navy is a non-combatant commercial fleet which engages in transporting cargos basically and if need to be also people.
Merchant Navy Officers are paid very high salaries and the rise is exponential. The minimum salary for graduate from Chanakya or MERI is in the range of Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 60,000 per month. In foreign ships, the salaries very in the range from $2400 to $20,000 per month
Nursing is a very respectable and noble profession for a woman. Nursing is a very important wing of a hospital and it calls for lot of care and dedication. Doctors are there for treatment, but nurses are those people who give a healing touch to the patient and cure their diseases.
A vital difference is that while the doctor’s contact with patients is temporary, nurses are expected to establish and maintain relationship with them. Most importantly, the nurse, being more in contact with the patient than any other member of the hospital staff, should be able to create a bond between the patient and the medical fraternity in order to facilitate recovery.
Before taking up a job of a nurse, the candidate should very well realize that nursing is a vocation which entails a lot of compassion and dedication and is not a routine job. Nurses are responsible of thee well-being of their patients. Their duties, therefore, extend from establishing relationships with patients, keeping their spirits up, and performing basic bedside chores that ensure that the patients are clean and comfortable during their illness and convalescence, to assisting the physician, keeping accurate records, administering medication and helping during examination and operations.
Nurses in government hospitals: Rs. 24,000 to Rs. 35,000. Private hospitals pay a little more.
If you by any chance fall to make it to the medical field, do not loose heart. There are many scopes left for you to be known second best to a doctor.
Known as second aids to doctors, paramedical courses are very important as far as medical help goes. Secondly, it is the paramedical experts who make all kind of tests and gives final report to the doctor, who in turn diagnose the ailment and suggests appropriate medicines.
The work of paramedical experts is mainly concentrated in medical laboratories. They are radiographers, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, pharmacists and a host of other related services. There are various semi specialist services like X-ray technicians, medical laboratory technicians, dietitians, food services workers, dental mechanics, emergency medical technicians, safety engineers, pharmacists, sanitary engineers, optometrists, physical therapists and occupational therapists.
Medical Technologists in a Government Hospital: Rs 35,000 per month.
X-ray Technicians: Between Rs. 32,000 to Rs 40,000 per month.
Junior Occupational Therapists: Between Rs. 32,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month.
Speech Therapy: Between Rs. 32,000 to Rs. 40,000
Prosthetic and Orthotic Engineering: Between Rs. 32,000 to 40,000 per month.
Whenever you go to chemistry, you must be thinking as to how the drug was made and what chemical composition has gone into it. Infact, in pharmacy, one studies the origin of the drug and its various compositions. The growth potential of this industry has increased tremendously over the years and new kind of chemical composition has taken up marking it all the more complicated for the chemist to give the right drug.
In government and private hospitals and nursing homes, as well as in dispensaries and community health centers, pharmacists give away medicines, medical supplies and health accessories. They have to study the effect and composition of the drug. They work in drug manufacturing companies and pharmaceutical companies, where they are involved in the manufacture of various medicines and drugs. This work means a good knowledge of chemistry and biology so that the person can make a good decision. The work done by pharmacists involves the development and preparation of drugs from natural and synthetic sources which are, thereafter, used in the prevention and cure of diseases. This involves working with pharmaceutical manufactures analytical laboratories. They also study the properties, usage and effects of various drugs and how they can be utilized for the prevention or cure of a particular disease, or combined with other drugs to form certain medicines. The work also involves testing the drugs for purity and strength.
The history of photography is over 150 year’s enormous job satisfaction for the person with interest and talent in photography. Over years, it has evolved into a very refined art and also a well paying profession, enduring. Photography is all about capturing the right image and preserving it for posterity. In earlier times cameras were very heavy in nature and it needed to be adjusted in all respects. They were far from handy. The quality of the picture, more or less, was dependent on the luck factor and clarity was never paid heed.
Today’s photography is very sophisticated and at times even a lay man can click pictures with automatic adjustments. But at the same time, to become a good photographer, one needs to acquire specialized skills. Photography has today become very lucrative career proposition. Many well known photographers have made a name for themselves in India through photography and have also made good amount of money.
Being a shutterbug can be really lucrative. While beginners can expect to earn around Rs. 2,000 per day on an assignment, established ones can make upto Rs. 2, 00,000 or more for the same. Be warned that those in the latter category are few and far between.
Physiotherapy is one of the most important rehabilitative services needed for a patient after he suffers from a major aliment. It rejuvenates the patient’s physiological thinking. It is a science that seeks to alleviate movement dysfunction, to promote optimal health and functions of the human body. It involves the treatment of patients through exercise therapy and other therapeutic agents, including heat radiations, weak muscles, difficulties in the movements and other ailments.
Physiotherapists also train the permanently disabled and handicapped people to make their best use of the abilities. Although a relatively new profession in India, the demand for physiotherapists in the country is immense, especially with increasing sedentary lifestyles. They like all other medical and paramedical professionals can work in hospitals and also engage in private practice. Their demand in medical institutions is increasing since physiotherapy plays an important role in the treatment of patients with muscular and cerebral problems.
In government hospitals, the initial remuneration of physiotherapists varies between Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 30,000. However, the remuneration for private practitioners can be almost Rs. 80,000 to Rs. 1, 50,000 per month. The work done by physiotherapists may tend to be physically very strenuous as it involves physically lifting and supporting patients. However, trained professionals are taught to handle patients without straining themselves.
Veterinary science is a medical profession that deals with the control of disease in animal. It also includes the breeding and scientific handling of livestock. Veterinarians can choose to work in urban areas, where the work would mostly include the care and handling of domestic pets, or with the treatment of animals, sometimes exclusively domestic pets, often also farm animals, such as cattle or horses, thought most veterinary surgeons develop a particular area of expertise.
The demand for veterinary doctors has increased tremendously. More and more people are keeping pets, both for companionship and protection, than ever before. There is also a major growth in the demand for animal products.
46. Defense and Paramilitary Services
When soldiers brave bullets and lay down their lives for the sake of their motherland, millions across the country salute their martyrdom. How you wish you were a part of this grand fete of sacrifice, isn’t it? Does your blood not boil? If yes, then the Army is waiting and the whole nation is yours. A career in the Defence Services demands not only mental ability but also a peak level of physical fitness, and ability to lead and inspire a quest for adventure and the will to make sacrifices.
47. Polytechnic Trades
To meet the skilled manpower requirement of the country, Engineering education is imparted at various levels- Certificate, Diploma, Post-Diploma, Degree, Post-Graduation and Doctorate. The technical training should ensure the steady flow of skilled professionals to raise the quality and quantity of industrial production. To meet the training requirements, the Central and State Governments have set up Engineering Colleges, Polytechnics and Industrial Training Institutes. Besides these, there are a number of privately managed Engineering Institutions which also run various types of technical courses.
48. Information Technology
Information Technology (IT) is sweeping across the global. It is a vehicle for future development, opportunities, challenges and competition that enables information to be collected and sued. No work of science made so comprehensive and impact on human development as IT. In the coming years its role may be more significant. It is changing every aspect of human life- communications, trade, manufacturing, services, entertainment, education and global security. Computers and communication technologies are the main components of IT. In the recent years, IT has become the focus area of the country’s overall development and prosperity which aims to give the county a status of super power in the world.
India has achieved distinction in the field of Oceanography Technology. It has succeeded in collecting metallic nodules from the ocean floor, which only a few advanced countries could achieve. Only six other nations have nodule mining capability.
The oceans of the world cover about 70 percent of the area and are reservoirs of energy, minerals and sea food. The oceans play an important role in regulating the weather and climate. However, only a small fraction of the large resources of oceans have been tapped by our country. Recognizing the influence of the ocean on the land mass and its potential for providing rich resources for the benefit of mankind, the Government of India established the Department of Ocean Development in 1981. It pursues research and development actives in all branches of ocean science for use in subsequent technology development. The department was also given responsibility for conducting surveys for locating nonliving and living resources, for preservation, conservation and protection of the environment and marine resources, development of appropriate skills and manpower and for technical collaboration for exploration and scientific work. There are several disciplines in which the Department of Ocean Development is undertaking work. These areas include Antarctic programme, nonliving resources, underwater technology, acquisition of new research vessels and ship management, marine pollution research, remote sensing, living resources, manpower development, data collection and dissemination, energy from the sea, desalination, legal regime, use of marine research and development fund.
50. Medical Transcription
Medical Transcription is very lucrative career in modern Information Technology age. More and more people are opting for a career in medical transcription and the opportunities are plenty.
Medical Transcription means transcribing recorded messages of doctors globally. In most advanced countries of the world doctors have to maintain a proper medical record of each patient. The record is often voluminous and consists of all types of data and information about the patient.
Usually doctors do not have that kind of time to sit and write the medical history of each of their patient. So they dictate this information over voice recorder and transcriptions writes down the same after listening to it. The job needs some amount of medical knowledge, especially the terminologies and terms.
Article Source: CAREERS AFTER + 2 AND BEYOND
Really the book named “Careers After +2 and Beyond”, published by Bright Careers Institute is a must read book for every student of India. This book contents more than 350 pages and 50 chapters dedicated towards shaping your career. Every chapter covered in this book not only includes details information about a particular career opportunity but also it includes list of prestigious institution that offers allied courses.
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