Understanding the various types of warehouses.
There are different kinds of warehouses and the classification of warehouses can be made from the following viewpoints:
- On the basis of structure.
- On the basis of ownership.
- On the basis of service rendered.
On the basis of Structure
Warehouse are built in different ways to meet the special requirement for storage. Different warehouses are constructed for specific goods. While selecting the types of warehouse, one has to take into consideration the factors like the nature of goods, the quality and the climatic condition. From the point of view of structure, the following types of warehouses are found:
i. Classical warehouse: It is a big hall of single storey building divided into various big or small rooms to store of general nature.
ii. Silo: It is a vertical structure room equipped with mechanical devices. The loading and unloading functions are effected through mechanical devices.
iii. These are generally in the shape of big tanks or bunkers.
iv. Bins: Bins are small cylindrical cabins of different sizes meant to store varieties of products. These are manually operated and provide bulk storage facility.
v. Elevator: Elevator is a big vertical premise and are of craned types. These are used for lifting and de-lifting of products. From the elevator goods are directly discharged from wagons.
vi. Portable warehouse: It is a type of temporary warehouse which can be removed or set in a short time. These warehouses have enough capacity to withstand rains and winds.
On the basis of Ownership
From ownership point of views, there are different types of warehouses:
i. Private warehouses: Private warehouses are owned by big business houses like producers, wholesalers ad big retailers. These big business houses store their goods in these warehouses. These are not given to outsiders on hire. These warehouses are found in rural and sub-urban areas.
ii. Public warehouses: Public warehouses are used by general businessmen on payment of a rent or charges. These warehouse obtain license from the government and follow the specific rules of the government for its maintenance.
iii. Household warehouses: These warehouses provides storage facility for household equipments like furniture, rugs, furs and paintings. These warehouses are found in western countries.
iv. Co-operative warehouse: These warehouses are organized on co-operative basis and run on joint efforts of the people. These are made in rural areas for storage of agricultural goods. The best example of a co-operative warehouse is cold storage.
v. Bonded warehouse: Bonded warehouses are maintained by port trust and custom authorities. These are meant to store imported goods from the foreign countries.
On the basis of Service Rendered
From the point of view of service rendered, there are different types of warehouses like:
i. Specific Commodity warehouses: These warehouses are meant to store specific goods like cotton, petroleum products and wool. These warehouses are specially constructed to accommodate the above articles.
ii. Cold Storage: These are meant to store agricultural products of perishable nature. Perishable goods like fruits, vegetables, eggs and butter are stored in these warehouses.
iii. Bank warehouses: These warehouses are maintained by banks to keep goods as securities. The goods received by banks against credits or loans are kept in these warehouses.
iv. General Merchandise warehouse: Goods which do not require any special storage facility are stored in these warehouses.