In the 42nd amendment of the Constitution 1976 vide Article – 48 A and Art 51 (g) having direct link with the environment is as follows:
The state shall endeavor to protect and to improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country.
Art 51 – A (g):
It is the duty of every citizen to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wild life to have sympathy towards all living creatures.
Article 21 of the constitution guarantees fundamental rights to life and personal liberty to all persons in India and is enforceable in the court of law.
A large number of activities which damage the environment including lack of underground drainage, encroachment of public parks, mining quarries etc. have been interpreted by the Supreme Court (Article-21). The measures are taken like levying fines against noise pollution.
Article 39A in the constitution to provide ‘equal Justice and legal aid’.