Most population experts believe that less developed nations must initiate family planning or welfare program in order to check population growth. This program allows couples to determine the number and spacing of offspring’s.
For less developed countries family planning programme can accelerate the decline in birth that occurs slowly through economic growth and the demographic transition. Some researchers believe that family planning program is responsible for a 40% to 50% decline in fertility in these countries.
It means smaller size of family that is one to two children may be either male or females. The family should accept car and not baby. Family planning programme has been initiated by health department of the Government.
Huge amount of money is been spent by the Government of India because India is second populous country in the world. We have already crossed one hundred crores people by now.
More than 30&40 crores are married couple in our country. If we observe the principal of the family planning than by the end of a few years the population of this country shall be more than China. We have already crossed one hundred crores people by now.
More than 30-40 crores are married couple in our country. If we observe the principal of the family planning than by the end of a few years the population of this country shall be more than China.
Family welfare programme which is a need of the day stress the following recommendations.
1. One or two children to a family.
2. Child by choice and not by accident.
3. Having more children and not bringing them up in a proper standard is violence.
4. Having healthy children.
5. Using contraceptives at the time of male-female mating.
6. Sterilization both bisectomy and vasectomy.
7. Late marriage.
8. Fixing marriage age of both male and female. It is 18 years for female and 21 year for male. In urban areas this age is on the hire side.
9. Banning universal marriage.
10. Educating woman for having smaller size of family.
11. Spreading family planning programmes in rural areas of Indian society.
12. Disseminating education in rural areas in such a style that they prefer small size of family.
13. Children may not be considered gift of nature but result of mating either sex.
14. Spreading and advertising about the use of family planning measures.
15. Opening more and more family welfare centre in rural India because 70% population live in village.
16. Providing incentive to those who can have small size of family.
If above measures are adopted effectively then sufficient economic welfare can be exercised to Indian society.
Kerala has earned the distinction of having lowest birth rates among all states of India. The main parameters deciding the affectivity of this model depends upon the age of marriage of women at 21 years as against an Indian average of 18 years, female literacy of 53% against Indian average of 13%, greater emphasis on primary education with 60% budget provision for the same, as against 50% in many other states better public distribution system of food among 97% of population, better medical facilities in rural areas and greater success of family planning programs.
The Kerala Model has its own success story emphasizing the affectivity of social justice approach for family planning.