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Distribution and Characteristics of Red and Yellow Forest soils

Distribution

S. E. USA, S. E. China, S. Japan, S. E. Brazil, East coast of Africa, under climatic conditions of high temperature and abundant rainfall

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Characteristics

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1. Distinct horizon development. A1 – Reddish/yellow, staining by Fe compounds: A2- Light coloured; B Horizon Dark colour (illuviated).

2. Pronounced leaching. Reason: High rainfall.

3. Little humus. Reason – Warmer region enhances pronounced bacterial activity.

4. Pedogenic process – Podzolization and laterization.

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5. Very susceptible to erosion. Reason: Crust formation.

6. Productivity – Fertilizer responsive crop yield high.

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