The Constitution provides for a Public Service Commission for the Union and a Public Service Commission for each State. The members of the Union Public Service Commission and of any joint Commission are appointed by the President, and the members of a State Public Service Commission by the Head of the Commission. Union or State members must have held office for at least ten years either under the Government of India or under the Government of a State. A member holds office for six years or until he attains, in the case of the Union Commission the age of sixty-five and in the case of a State Commission the age of sixty-two years (41st Amendment) whichever is earlier. A member of a Public Service Commission, on the expiry of his term of office, is not eligible for reappointment to that office. A member of the Union Public Service Commission can be removed from office by order of the President on the grounds of misbehavior.
Functions of the Public Service Commission:
- The Union and State Public Service Commissions shall conduct examinations for appointment to the Union and State services respectively.
- To assist the States in framing the operating schemes of joint recruitment for any services for which candidate possessing special qualifications are required if two or more states make such a request to the Union Public Service Commission.
- To give advice: (a) on any matter referred to them on methods and recruitment to civil service and for civil posts (b) on the principles to be followed in making appointments and in making promotions and transfers from one service to another (c) on disciplinary matters including petitions on such matters (d) on the claim made by any person that the costs of defending legal proceedings against him in respect of acts done or purported to be done in the execution of his duty, should be borne by the Government (e) on any claim for the award of a pension in respect of injuries sustained by a person while serving under the Government in a civil capacity and any question to the amount of any such award.
- Any other functions in respect of services referred to or conferred by Parliament in the case of Union Commission and by the State Legislature in the case of State Commission.