What are the main differences between the Parliamentary and the Presidential form of Government ?

The main differences between the Parliamentary and the Presidential form of Government

Parliamentary Government

  • It is the oldest form of democracy. U.K. is considered as the mother of this form of democracy.
  • The elected leader of the majority party becomes the Prime Minister and then he forms the Government.
  • The executive is called the Council of Ministers. The Cabinet is a small body inside it.
  • The head of executive in this type of Government has usually formal powers. Actual powers are in the hands of Prime Minister.

Presidential Government

  • Democratic Governments can have another form too. It is called the Presidential Form. U.S.A. has this form of Government.
  • In this form of Government the President is the head of the executive and is elected directly.
  • The President has a body called Cabinet. Its members are known as secretaries. These secretaries are not members of Congress (their Parliament). Thus the executive is not part of legislature.
  • The President being the real head of executive, can not be ordinarily removed from his post.