Archive | Eng

What do you understand by Theory of Imperialism ?

Different theories of imperialism as articulated by several Marxist theorists like Rudolf Hilferding, Rosa Luxembourg and V. I. Lenin question and challenge the Hobsonian assumption that social reforms can resolve the contradictions created by imperialist expansion….

What is Functionalism ?

Functionalism is widely regarded as the most insightful critique of the Realist framework of international politics. The main concern of the functionalist is to develop piecemeal non-political cooperative organizations, which will not only help establish peace and secure….

What is Globalism ?

Globalism is best understood when compared to the more familiar concept of globalization. Globalism, is a perspective consciously promoted by rationalist, humanist and Universalist actors and thinkers of both liberal and socialist political persuasions…

What is Foreign Aid ?

Foreign aid or external financial assistance refers to only that part of the capital inflow, which is not based on normal market incentives but is made on concessionary terms. Thus, grants of freely convertible currency …..

What is central board of direct taxes and what are its powers ?

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) is the highest executive authority. It is sub­ject to the overall control of the Central Government. It is authorized to discharge all those functions prescribed in the Act and those…

What is amalgamation of companies and fiscal incentives ?

Sickness of industries is a disease and has been attacked by the Government in many ways. Section 72A was inserted by the Finance Act 1977, with a view to encouraging healthy companies to take over the sick ones and give them life…

What are the types of income tax authorities in India ?

There shall be the following types of income tax authorities for the purposes of this Act [116] like the Central Board of Direct Taxes constituted under the Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963…

What are the various methods of tax planning ?

Tax planning is highly individualistic in nature and no general rule can be prescribed for all situations. The tax consultant would need to study the situation, make a detailed assessment thereof and assess the environment…

What is central government and what are its power ?

Income-tax Act, 1961, being a Central enactment, it is the Central Government that is directly responsible for its administration and jurisdiction etc. Ministry of Finance looks after the enactments with…

What is a company as per income tax act ?

The Income-tax Act defines a ‘company’ in a much wider sense than is done by the Companies Act, 1956. According to section 2(17) of the In­come-tax Act, 1961, a company means any of the following…

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