Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the greatest leaders of the country. He was famous by the name of Netaji. He fought for his country’s cause. He gave up his life for his motherland. His death was a great loss to the country.
His Birth and Family:
Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January, 1897 in Cuttack. His father was a famous lawyer. He came of a very well-to-do family of Bose.
Even as a child he showed sign of future greatness. He was very brilliant student at school. He was physically very strong. He believed in violence from the beginning. He beat a European professor of his school. By way of punishment he was turned out from the school.
He passed the Matriculation Examination from Cuttack. Then he joined the Presidency College, Calcutta. He passed his B.A. from another college in the first division. Then he went to England and took the Tripose degree from Cambridge University. He also passed the I.C.S. Examination. But he was not interested in becoming a high official. He want to serve his country. So he resigned from I.C.S.
His Political Career:
He joined the Congress movement to serve the cause of the freedom of his country. He belonged to the Forward Block of the Congress. In 1939 he was elected President of the Congress. As he had differences with Mahatma Gandhi in Congress policy, he resigned from the post of Presidentship.
About this time the Second World War broke out. Subhash Chandra Bose escaped from India. He went to Germany to ask for help. He was warmly received by Hitler who promised him all possible help. He gave Subhash Chandra Bose military training for two years. The result was that he became a very good general.
Indian National Army:
While in Germany he raised the Indian National Army from amongst the Indian prisoners of war and the Indian residents of Germany and Italy. Then Subhash Chandra Bose came to Japan to be nearer home. He raises the Indian National Army in Japan also. Many war prisoners and many Indians, who lived in the Far East, joined this army. With the help of Japan he gave military training to his new army. He proved many modern weapons of war. It was truly a National Army. The morale and discipline of the troops were excellent.
Attack on India and his Death:
With such an army Subhash started for the freedom of his country. He attacked India from the side of Assam. He got a little success in the beginning. But Japan and Germany fell son after. So his army could not but retreat of submit. Subhash flew to Japan. But his plane crashed on the way and he died.
Subhash Chandra Bose was a very able man. He had excellent moral character. All through life he did not marry. He had a grand personality. Any one who met him always admired him. He was a great general. His solders- Hindu, Muslims, Christians and Anglo Indians were simply devoted to him and regarded him as a demi-god. He was a first class practical statesman of great tact. He had a strong determination.
Though Subhash is no more in this world, yet his name will ever shine. He will always be counted the great martyr of the country. He used to say “I cannot give you anything but hunger, hardship and death. Give me your life, I promise freedom to you”.