The objective of the Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) is educational, vocational and occupational development of the socio-economically backward and educationally disadvantaged groups of urban/rural population particularly neo-literates, semi-literates, SCs, STs, women and girls, slum dwellers, migrant workers, etc. At present, there are 172 JSSs in the country.
Jan Shikshan Sansthans run a number of vocational programmes with varying duration of different skills. More than 250 types of courses and activities are offered by these institutions. The trades/courses for which training is imparted include cutting, tailoring & dress making; knitting and embroidery; beauty culture and health care; handicrafts; art, drawing and painting; repair of electrical software, etc. In the year 2004-05, 13.91 lakh beneficiaries had been covered under various vocational training programmes, activities and other activities conducted by JSSs, out of which around 65 per cent were women. Some innovative training programmes and activities that have been taken up by some of the JSS are as under :
- Mentally challenged children in Rourkela trained in Hand Embroidery, Hand Wool Knitting and Water Colours for national level competition.
- Special training organised exclusively for deaf and mute in collaboration with an NGO in Mumbai.
- Vocational Training Programmes organised for the members of the SHG groups in collaboration with DRDA and Panchayat Samitis in Aurangabad.
- Vocational Training for selected SC/ST candidates given in collaboration with Tamil Nadu Adidravida Housing Development Corporation (TAHDO).
- Vocational training given to tribals in collaboration with Forest Department in Coimbatore.
- Vocational Programmes organised for slum dwellers and rural youth sponsored by World Vision in Coimbatore.
- Cluster of families in the tribal settlements of Idduki formed SHGs and organised literacy linked vocational training and then set-up production units and marketed the finished products.
- SGH members trained by Jan Shikshan Sansthan in Sivakasi opened basic electronics unit for repair and maintenance of domestic appliances.
- Vocational courses organised for selected women sponsored by Tamil Nadu Corporation for Development of Women.