Agriculture is the most important sector in our country. Agriculture and allied sectors contribute nearly 18 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Agricultural production has two components primarily, food grains and non-food grains. Food crops and non-food crops have shown tremendous increase in production since independence. After the Green Revolution, India achieved self-sufficiency in food grain production. The Green Revolution generated self-confidence in our agricultural capability. The first Five Year Plan accorded the highest priority to increase agricultural production. The share of agriculture in total employment was 52.06 percent in 2004-05. Efforts were made to improve the facilities in all respects and make the system more approachable, accessible and farmer’s friendly. The Indian countryside needs a revolutionary transformation to march on the path of an Evergreen Revolution in agriculture.