Akbar (1542-1605) ranks among the greatest rulers in the history of the world. He is considered as the real founder of Mughal Empire. Among the medieval rulers, he was the only one who strived for secularism. The firmness and wisdom of his rule won him the title, “Guardian of Mankind’. He was born in Umarkot, Sind, He was the son of Humayun and Hamida Bai. Akbar adopted a policy of conciliation and conquest towards Rajut states. He married Jodha Bai, the daughter of a Rajput king, Raja Bihari Mal of Amber. He abolished pilgrim tax Jizyah and tax from non0Muslims in lieu of military service. He had centralized administration. Akbar promulgated a new creed known as ‘Din-i-Ilahi’. He patronized Navratna in his court. Akbar had tremendous interest in art, culture, architecture and literature.