Population Studies – The concept, meaning and definition

Population is not the study of population but it is meant for the population awareness and population consciousness of the bad effects of population growth and its remedial measures.

Population Studies (Year 11) - Mr Palmer's Geography & History

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It is the education about population growth and its remedial measures. It is the education about population matter like fertility, mortality and migration and its remedial measures to check the rapid growth of population. It aims at the growth of the qualitative life of the people.

What is Fertility


The term fertility means the actual reproductive performance of an individual, a couple or a group or a population. Biologically women are more fertile in the first half of their married life than the second half. In India for all practical purposes 15 to 44 are group is considered as the child bearing age of women.

When women are young they produce children more quickly than when they become elderly. Thus early marriage leads to higher fertility whereas marriage at a late age reduces the fertility rate. Therefore, in India the minimum age of marriage of girls would be raised to 20 years or more.

What is Mortality

Mortality means  death as a component of population change. Due to mortality or the frequency of disease and illness in a population, the population diminishes. In the present day society mortality rate has reduced a lot because of the development of medical science the modern operation as well as medicinal use. Medical science has succeeded in taking proper care of mother and child and so the death rate has reduced to a maximum. It helps in the growth of rapid population in India.


What is Migration

Migration means the movement of population from one place to another. Migration is two types – Immigration and Emigration. Immigration means the process of entering one country from another to take up permanent residence. For example, when people from commonwealth countries migrated to United Kingdom for search of employment are called ‘Immigration’. Emigration means the process of leaving one country to take up residence in another. For example when a large number of people from India migrate to other countries in search of better jobs, we call it emigration. Besides these too internal migration from one place to another place in particular State or country also plays a part.

Population education in an education process desired to help people understand the nature, causes and consequences of population events. It is directed at people as individual or as members of a group as decision-maker at potential members with their families as citizens within a community, as leaders within a society.

The population facts fertility, mortality and migration are shaped by these population related discussions. These process operate within the society and affect other social, political, economic forces.


The educational response to the existing socio-economic and political issues is called population education. Population education is an educational process which helps individuals to learn about population, the effect of population dynamics and the related problems on the individuals family community, nation and the world. The main purposes are to create awareness to provide knowledge and develop responsible attitude and behaviors as well as improving the population to ensure a better life now and in the future.

The definition has several aspects. One is that it is a process, it is not a propaganda campaign but a device to enable the people to make responsible decisions.

Secondly, the content of population education deals with the problems of individual family, community, nation and the world.

Definitions of Population Education

According to Tylor Dannel :

Population education is motivational and instructional about population problems.

According to Violerman :

Population education as an educational process which assists persons (i) To learn the probable causes and consequences of population phenomena for themselves and their communities (ii) To define for themselves and their communities the nature of the problems associated with population process and characteristics. (iii) To assess the possible means by which the society as a whole.

According to Sharma R.C. :

Population education is the study of human population ion relation to this environment with a view to improve the quality of life without adversely affecting the environment.

According to Burbson :

Population education in an exploration of knowledge and attitude about population, the family and sex. It includes population awareness family living, reproduction education and basic values.

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