The disease spreads through infected blood and blood products, infected needles, multiple partners, from infected mother to babies, before, during or after birth and injects able drug abuse. Global statistics point out that unprotected sexual intercourse with HIV positive persons account for nearly 70-80% of transmission of the disease.Injection with contaminated blood and use of non- sterilized equipments account for about 3-5% of the infections and 5-10% of worldwide infections come from the reuse of contaminated needles by intravenous drug users.
It must be borne in mind that HIV is not transmitted.
1. Through air- the infection cannot spread through sneezing, coughing or breathing.
2. through casual physical contact-like touching, caressing, hugging or kissing.
3. Through water- using common bath tubs or swimming pools.
4. through toilets.
5. through mosquitoes.
6. through using the same utensils, phones etc.
The transmission of HIV can be effectively prevented:
1. By practising safer sex- by confine to a single partner, use of contraceptive (condom).
2. By using clean, sterilized needless and avoiding necessary skin perforation.
3. By avoiding the use of infect able drug equipment used by another person.
4. By avoiding blood transfusion, which should be resorted to only when necessary and with properly screened blood?