In the nineteenth and twentieth century so many scientists emerge in the world though the one who created his distinct place above all of them was Albert Einstein is one scientists, for whom it is said that he used his maximum brain capacity. His general theory of relativity explained many mysteries of the universe. And his theory about atom later led to invention of an atom bomb.
Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1874. Before his birthday, his family had moved to Munich where young Albert’s father, Hermann Einstein, and uncle set up a small electro-chemical business. He was fortunate to have an excellent family with which he had a strong relationship. As a child, Einstein’s sense of curiosity had already begun to stir. A favorite toy of his was his father’s compass, and he often marveled at his uncle’s explanations of algebra. Although young Albert was intrigued by certain mysteries of science, he was considered a slow learner. His failure to become fluent in German until the age of nine even led some teachers to believe he was mentally retarded. Einstein’s post-basic education began at the luitpold gymnasium when he was ten. It was here that he first encountered the German spirit through the school’s strict disciplinary policy. His disapproval of this method of teaching led to his reputation as a rebel. It was probably these differences that caused Einstein to search for knowledge at home.
Later Einstein moved to Switzerland where he continued his education. At sixteen he attempted to enroll at the Federal Institute of Technology but failed in the entrance exam. This forced him to study locally for one year until he finally passed the school’s evaluation. The Institute allowed Einstein to meet many other students’ the shared his curiosity and it was here that his studies turned mainly to Physics. He quickly learned that while physicists bad generally agreed on major principals in the past, there were modern scientists who were attempting to disprove outdated theories. Since most of Einstein’s teachers ignored these new ideas, he was again forced to explore on his own. In 19000 he graduated from the institute.
Einstein then got the job at the Swiss Patent Office in 1902. This job had little to do with physics, but he was able to quench his curiosity by estimating out how new inventions worked. As his ideas began to develop, he published them in specialist journals. Though he was still unknown to the scientific world, he began to attract a large circle of friends and admirers. In 1903 he married Mileva Meric, a mathematician friend. In 1905, Einstein published five separate papers in a journal, the Annals of physics.
At this time his work at this time dealt with molecules, and how their motion affected temperature, but he is most well known for his Special Theory of Relativity, which embarked upon motion and the speed of light. Perhaps the most important part of his discoveries was the equation: E= mc². In 1908, Einstein began teaching part time at the University of Berne, and the following year, at the age of thirty, he became employed full time by Zurich University. Einstein was now able to move to Prague with his wife and two sons, Hans Albert and Eduard. It was here that he extended his theory and discussed it with the leading scientists of Europe. In 1912 he chose to accept a job placing him in high authority at the Federal Institute of Technology, where he had originally studied. It was not until 1914 that Einstein was tempted to return to Germany to become research director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics. In 1915 Einstein published his General Theory of relativity. The result of ten years of hard work revolutionized physics. It basically sated that the universe had to be thought of as curved and told how light was affected by this factor. The next year, Einstein published another paper that added that the universe had no boundary, but actually twisted back on its self.
The biggest twist happened in 1919 when scientist who studied an eclipse confirmed that his theories were correct. Einstein received the Noble Prize for Physics in 1922. He gave all the money to his ex-wife and children to help with their lives and education. During the Einstein’s visit to America in 1933 the Nazi party came to power in Germany. He was subject to anti-Semitic attacks, but this time his house was broken into, and he was publicly considered a traitor. It was obvious that he could not return to Germany, and he renounced his German citizenship. During these early years in America he did some research at Princeton, but did not accomplish much of significance. In 1939 the Second World War began to take form. There was heated argument during this time over whether the United States should explore the idea of an atomic bomb. Einstein wrote to President Roosevelt warning him of the disaster that should occur if the Nazi’s developed it first. Einstein did not participate in the development of the bomb, but the idea did stem from his equation E= mc². Just as he knew that the bomb was under development, he also knew when it was going to be used. Just before the bomb was dropped on Japan Einstein wrote a letter to the President begging him not to use this terrible weapon. The rest of Einstein’s life was dedicated to promoting peace. After the war ended, he declared, “The war is won, but the peace. Is not.” He wrote many articles and made many speeches calling for a world government. But after dropping of atom bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki he did not make any major discovery probably he/was upset for the wrong use of his theories. However, he continued his scientific research until the day he died. This was on April 18, 1955. There is no doubt that he was dissatisfied that he never was able to find the true meaning of existence that he strove for all his life.