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What is the difference between DNA and RNA ?

The difference between DNA and RNA are:

DNA

  1. Deoxyribose sugar is present
  2. Phosphoric acid is the link between one molecule of sugars and the other.
Double DNA | SiOWfa14 Science in Our World: Certainty and Cont

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  1. The following nitrogen bases are found
    1. Purines (Adenine, guanine)
    2. Pyrimidines (Thymine, cytosine)
  2. The four nucleorides found are :
    1. Deoxyadenosine monophosphate.
    2. Deoxyguanosine monophosphate
    3. Deoxycytosine monophosphate
    4. Thymidine monophosphate
  3. Two long polymers of nucleotides form a double helical structure in which nucleotides are attached in pairs.
  4. DNA is genetic material and con­trols all activities taking place in a cell.
  5. It is found in chromosomes, mito­chondria and chloroplasts
  6. DNA has upto 4.3 million nucleo­tides.

RNA

  1. Ribose sugar is present,
  2. As in DNA
  3. The following nitrogen bases are found
    1. Purines (Adenine, guanine),
    2. Pyrimidines (Uracil, cytosine)
  4. The four nucleotides found are :
    1. Adenosine monophosphate
    2. Guanosine monophosphate
    3. Cytosine monophosphate
    4. Uridine monophosphate
  5. There is a long polymer of nucleotides.
  6. It functions as a carrier of genetic information and plays specific role in protein synthesis.
  7. It is found in nucleolus, nucleoplasm and cytoplasm.
  8. RNA has upto 12,000 nucleo­tides.
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