Meaning & Scope of Transport.
Transport means movement of gods and persons from one place to another. It carries ideas and inventions to the people and has considerbly contributed to the evolutions of civilization. In fact history of civilization is the history of transport.
Man, from the beginning, has always tried to find out some means of transporting himself from one place to another. Throughout the period of human development, transport has been regarded as a thing of prime importance.
Efficient transport is indispensable to the economic development of nation. It is an integral part of commerce which is “the sum total of all those processes which are engaged in the removal of hindrances of persons, place and time in the exchange of commodities.” Transport removes the hindrances of place and time in the exchange of commodities. It gives place and time utility to goods by removing them from the place of production to the places where they are to be consumed. No nation of the world can progress without efficient and sufficient facilities of the transport. It has been rightly said, “If agriculture and industry are the body and bones of national organism, transport and communication are its nerves.” According to marshall, “The transport industries which undertake nothing more than mere movement of persons and things from one place to another, have constituted one of the most important activities of men in every stage of advanced civilization.
The importance of transport can further be understood by the various functions it performs. The simplest function of transport is the movement of goods and persons. The simplest function of transport is the movement of goods and persons. Transport increases the mobility of labour and capital, widens the market leads to specialization and division of labour helps in stabilizing prices, contributes to a large portion of our wealth and provides employment to a very large number of persons. It is only due to transport that modern industrial system and large-scale industries are in a position to develop because without transport it would not have been possible for them to procure raw material, gather large number of workers and distribute the finished goods. In fact, the whole structure of industry and commerce rests on the well laid foundations of transport.