Impact of the British rule on the agriculture of India :
- Britishers introduced a new class of landlords called Zamindars who regarded land as their private property and aimed at obtaining maximum monetary gains out of it.
- The cultivators, the actual tillers of land, were mere tenants with no rights and could be evicted by the land-owners.
- The fanner was very often heavily in debt aid in the clutches of the money-lenders, who, eventually, came to-control the land and its produce.
- Agriculture production was no longer for use in the village only and much of it was sent to the market for sale.
- Farmers were forced to produce cash crop to feed the industries in England.
- It ruined the self-sufficiency of the village.
- The new revenue systems led to peasant indebtedness and commercialization of agriculture.
- This ultimately resulted in mass poverty and problem of landlessness.