Important interdependent components of Sustainable development are as follows:
Sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present without jeopardizing the needs of future generations.
In other words, every generation should leave air, water and soil resources as pure and unpolluted. Although it is a difficult proposition, it can be achieved through proper environmental management.
Sustainable development has three important interdependent components:
(i) Economic developments:
Utilization of natural resources for cultivation, industrialization, creating job opportunities, raising quality of life.
(ii) Social development:
Providing basic needs like food, clothes, shelter, health, education, etc.
(iii) Environmental protection:
Providing clean water, air, soil, i.e., safe environment to present as well as future generations.
Human civilization through their excellence in scientific and technological fields has reached a level where they can produce more of their own kind by cloning, exploit lands of other planets and receive information from any part of the world.
However, at the same time the civilization is facing the greatest challenge for survival due to the catastrophe created through environmental degradation.
To meet the basic requirements of ever increasing population, industrialization is a must, but it results in pollution, environmental degradation and causes ecological imbalance.
At the same time, industrial development cannot be sacrificed as it creates job opportunities, raises the standard of living and solves unemployment problems.
In view of this, a balance has to be struck so that development and environmental protection can occur simultaneously.
To achieve this goal, sustainable development is the only answer. Development can be done if the following concepts are taken care of.
a. Control of population growth.
b. Reduction in excessive usage of resources and enhancing resource conservation, i.e., continuous use of renewable resources and protection of non-renewable resources from wastage and rapid depletion.
c. Recycling and reuse of materials for waste minimization.
d. Scientific management of renewable resources, especially bio- resources, which have a life-cycle and inherent sustainable qualities.
However, without proper social and economic development, sustainable development cannot be achieved. In order to do so, we will have to eradicate poverty through almost equal distribution of resources, support social justice and equality.