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What were the Recommendations of Hunter Commission on Women and Muslim Education?

The Hunter Commission made the following recom­mendations for the growth of female education in India because it realised that female education had been till now in the most backward condition and needed urgent fostering in every possible way.

India – Education of Women for Rural Development | BIDAS

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1. More liberal grants should be given to girls’ schools and the grant-in-aid rules should be easier.

2. Money from local and Municipal Boards and Provincial funds should be spending in an equitable proportion on girls and boys schools.

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3. Men and women who are interested in female education should be included in the management of schools.

4. Girl’s schools should be transferred to the control of Local Boards but a board which is not prepared to take the responsibility should not be compelled to do so.

5. Capable girls should be awarded scholarships so that they may continue their higher education.

6. School managers should provide hostels for women because girls find it difficult to attended schools far away from their homes.

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7. Girls should not be charged any fee so that they may be attracted to get education. Charging of fees should be no condition for girl’s schools for getting grants-in-aid.

8. In spec tresses should be appointed to inspect and guide girls’ schools.

9. Curriculum for girls should be different from what it is for boys as the instruction which is useful for a boy may not be useful for a girl.

10. Girls should be encouraged to get professional training and training schools for female teachers should be started.

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11. For women who remain secluded in zenana from their childhood should be provided with zenana teachers.

12. Secondary schools may be opened for girls only where there is a demand for them.

The results of these recommendations was that in the period of next twenty years 1882-1902 the education of women made slow but steady progress.

Education for Muslims

The Commission also felt that the education for Muslims in India was not adequate. Their backwardness in thisrespect was alarming. There were very few English speaking Muslimsin the country. The Government was desirous of getting the support of Muslim community and wanted to make them rivals of

Hindus and staunch supporters of their own rule hence the Commission made the following suggestions:

1. Special arrangements of Muslim education should be regarded as a legitimate charge on local, municipal and provincial funds.

2. Higher education for Muslims is liberally encouraged.

3. A system of special scholarships for Muslims should be established. Scholarships given in primary schools should be tenable in middle schools. Those given in middle schools should be tenable in High Schools and those given in high schools should be tenable in colleges.

4. In all schools a certain proportion of free studentships should be reserved for Muslim students.

5. As far as possible, Muslim teachers should be employed in those Muslim schools where instruction is given through the medium of Hindustani.

6. Muslims should be given proportionate government appointments.

7. The standard of teaching of Muslim primary schools should be raised.

8. For inspecting Muslim primary schools, Muslim Inspecting Officers only should be employed.

9. Association for the promotion of Muslim education should be encouraged.

10. Higher English education should be given to the Muslims.

11. Where such endowments are under the control of individuals and bodies inducement should be given to them by liberal grants to establish English teaching schools and colleges.

12. Educational endowments for the benefit of Muslims under government control should be utilised for that purpose only.

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