It is so because they are useful to the society and to the individual. In the traditional society it was probably useful for everyone to be equally in meeting his needs of food, shelter and clothing: but in the present complex social structure specialization and uniqueness are essential not only for individual to survive, but for the society to exist continuously.
One makes his contribution to the good of the society, as a whole, by becoming a doctor, the other by becoming a scientist, and so on.
The contributing citizen and educated person has to be a high grade specialist with sound general education. Individual differences are also useful for the full development of the individual person.
A man, who is a talented teacher or a gifted scientist or a renowned musician, gets satisfaction for himself through recognition of his special aptitude, faculty or gift. The function of the school therefore is to foster the talent or gift or special aptitude which a student has so that he may yield graciously and readily when a demand arises.
The learner centred techniques for teaching exceptional children (creative).
Creativity is the capacity or ability of an individual to create, discover or produce a new idea or object including the rearrangement or reshaping of what is already known to him. Creativity is universal. Every one of us possesses creative capacity to some degree. Through creative expression something new is produced.
Definitions of creativity
According to Skinner, “Creative thinker is one who explores new areas, makes new observations, predictions and inferences.”
According to Drevdahl, “Creativity is the capacity of a person to produce compositions or ideas which are essentially new.”
According to Stagner, “Creativity implies the production of a totally or partially novel identity.
According to Gange, “Creativity to be a form of problem solving which involves intuitive jumps or a combination of ideas from widely separated fields of knowledge.”
On the basis of these definitions we find that the creativity means-‘seeing or expressing new relationships. Creativity involves different traits or qualities like fluency, flexibility, originality, elaborations, sensitivity’ etc.
The expressions of creative behaviour change from one actional level to another-the pre-school, elementary school, secondary school and higher education.
Creativity in Early Childhood
Children from 3 to 7 years old observe the following categories creative’ imagination:
(a) Revision of a single memory image.
(b) Improvisation of the theme from a number of images.
(c) Organisation on the nature of a composite from several images.
(d) Selection of various elements of aesthetic interest.
(e) Fusion of compositional elements in to a composition of high character.
Creativity in the elementary school-years
Elementary school years are considered to be critical for the development of creativity:
(a) Greatest attention should be paid to creative writing and art.
(b) Walls of the school rooms and other places should be decorated ‘by children’s’ creativity.
Examples of outstanding creative achievements at a tender age are many. Newton spent his childhood making water clocks and windmill models. James Hillier constructed his first microscope as a boy. Pascal wrote his famous essay at 16, the greatest mathematician Karl Friedric Gaus performed his distinguished work at 15.
Creativity in the High School
Some of the manifestations of creativity during this stage are-
(a) Presenting an original paper.
(b) Winning a prize or award in competition.
(c) Compositional skills of a high order.
(d) Inventing a patentable device. Creativity in Higher Education
Manifestations of creativity at this stage are-
(a) The college and university level students have been found to produce almost all types of creative produces- inventions, books, monographs, and original articles.
(b) Quite frequently such expressions are available outside college or university requirements and activities.
(c) The writing of a thesis and starting a project.
(d) Organizing a group programme by college students may be treated as manifestation of creativity.