Unsustainable development or growth is one in which social issues of life do not progress in a healthy and ethical style.
These styles of living cover mismanagement of resources like large-scale deforestation, indiscriminate construction and expansion of settlement activities, discharging toxic wastes and polluting air water.
As globalisation in its current form increases, so too unsustainable development that it seems to prescribe. There is abundant evidence that the version of modernity demonstrated in current globalization trends neglects scientific evidence and tradition in equal measure.
In contrast, the traditional approaches to natural resource management in many communities demonstrate founder science than development does. Tradition in local resource management has survived over many generations precisely because of its sustainability.
Global warming and other manifestations of environmental degradation- which are evidently no longer future threats but very real current crises of- have resulted from approaches to modernity which, in throwing away such traditions aside, continue in denial about scientific evidence.
In many regions of the world, ecosystem stress can be seen due to human-intensive activities such as unsustainable resource extraction and exploitation via large corporations and international trading agreements that open these sources up for excessive extraction and consumerism.
Dropsy is a disease caused due to adulteration in mustard oil by greedy, dishonest elements of society with a motive to get rich at the expense of the lives of the general public in the society. Most of the adulterated mustard oil samples were found containing Argemone, and a few samples were found to be containing adulterants such as’ polybromide and even mobile oil.
This may be sustainable personal development of an industrialist but most unsustainable development for society as a whole.
All environmental issues involve consideration of ethics. For example, sufficient food and fabric is available in the world to feed people. It is unethical to allow some people to starve and others consume more than what they need. Developed nations do not realize it. They have enough and still they need more.
Their greed for more is ever increasing. They do not surrender before morals and ethics of life and share with others what they have. They must think less about conquering nature and more about learning to work with nature. Each person must realize his interdependence with the rest of the nature including his fellow human beings.
To safeguard life on earth, people must learn to control and adjust the balances in nature that are altered by their activities. One more reason is placed in this context. Members of the society very well realize this view.
They view the world’s energy situation as serious and have reduced their own consumption. But many do not believe and realize this problem. They continue to consume energy as long as it is available and do not accept any cut on the use of it. Other similar issues are the population problem and pollution.
Is it ethical to have more than children when the world is facing problem of over-population? Similarly an industrialist may not probably look on the negative aspects of pollution compared to one who is outdoor.
Some sixty American cities have been declared having unsatisfactory water supply due to toxicity of pollutants released by industries. Every year in the United States, 20 million tons of paper and 200 million tons of domestic garbage are junked.
Keeping this in view the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA reveals that there shall be disastrous collapse in the coming hundred years if both population growth and industrial growth are not brought to an immediate halt.
So the first task is to educate economic harpers about the value of environmental ethics. Clean and unpolluted air away from the chimneys of industries, free from fumes and smoke has a great cleansing and purifying effect for sustainable growth. For this purpose, taking ethical stand is important regardless to those who disagree with it.
Emerson, a pioneer philosopher environmentalist in his first essay ‘Nature’ published in 1836 objected fast economic development by way of invading nature. Another naturalist who held the beliefs similar to Emerson was Henry David Threau. According to Threau, “Truth is nature and wilderness over the deceits of urban civilization”.
He summarized his feelings about nature as ‘But more men, it seems to me, do not care for nature and would sell their share in all her beauty, as long as they may live, for a stated sum-many for a glass of rum’. He further concluded “Thank God’, men cannot as yet fly, and lay waste in the sky as well as the earth!
Rachel Carson rank above all naturalists of her time who generated widespread discussion about pesticides and its potential dangers to food, wild life, and humans in her work ‘Silent Spring’ published in 1962. Carson’s early death from cancer came before her book was recognized; establishing pesticides can contaminate and cause widespread damage to the ecosystem.
It style and content, Rachel Carson designed Silent Spring to shock the public into action against the misuse of chemical pesticides. She described the poisons, pointed out the failure to grasp biological principles that allowed us to direct broadsides of these poisons against the environment and detailed the resulting disasters. According to one report DDT tends to accumulate in the fatty tissues of wildlife.
In 1957, the waters of California’s Clear Lake were found to contain only 02 parts per million (PPM) of DDD, a close of DDT. Microscopic plants and animals in the water stored residues at five parts per million. Yet fish eating large quantities of microscopic organisms, concentrated these residues to over 2,000 parts per million. Grebes which fed on those fish died in great numbers.
The descriptions given above are directly concerned with unsustainable development. Future growth shall be in darkness if we do not exercise eco-friendship.