India is a developing country. The villages outnumber the towns and cities in India. Sixty-five percent of the Indian population lives in villages. Almost all villagers are dependent on auricular. Since independence, the villages in India re developing.
A village is free from the hustle and bustle of a city life. Life in a village is peaceful, calm and quite. The natural beauty and the greenery are a feast for the eyes. There are village Panchayats and village heads to look after the affairs of the village.
Life in a village is not as fast as it is in city. Most Indian villages have one primary school. Students go to the nearest high school or colleges for their higher education. Unlike a city, schools start late in a village. Students either walk or move on bicycles. Very few vehicles run on the roads. buses are available at fixed timings. The houses in Indian villages are mostly built of bamboo with thatched roofs. The bamboo walls are [plastered with mud. A developed Indian village has brick houses with plastered roofs or tinned roofs.
Villages have narrow roads. They have muddy roads or cobbled streets. A village road has paddy fields, vegetable fields and corn fields on either side. Small streams which facilitate irrigation adorn the fields. Villagers are thinly populated compared to towns and cities. Every house has a big open area at the frond and a vegetable garden at the backyard. Some houses have flower gardens in front of them. Most Indian villages have weekly mobile markets. Things of all kinds starting from clothes, food, grocery to electrical goods, cattle, etc. are sold here. There are very few shops. People living in villages go to the towns for purchasing goods.
Villagers in hilly areas use the water of steams for drinking and washing. villagers in the plains use well, hand pump or pond water for the same. Those residing near the river use river-water. Mot houses in remote villages have ponds in front of them They use the same water for different purposes. Some villages have government water supply facilities. Most villages do not have provision for clean drinking water. Some villagers take their cattle to the pond. Buffaloes go deep into the water and make it dirty.
Most villagers do not understand the value of sanitation. They do not have proper sanitation facilities. Some villagers keep their cattle adjacent to their house which is unhygienic. Most of the villages in India do not have medical facilities. They do not have electricity also. Most of the rural areas are characterized by poverty. The levels of productivity are low. there is a lack of basic minimum services. Villagers are superstitious to some extent.
However, unlike a city, a village has lots of open space and greenery. One can breathe the fresh air. Villages are free from pollution. The natural beauty of a village soothes the senses of its inhabitants. In village a person always get fresh air to breath which is good for health. country people are healthier than the people live in cities because they, unlike city people, get pollution free air to breath in. They do more physical labor in their fields and stay active while people in cities can not have enough time even for a morning walk due to their fast and hectic life. Even doctors suggest many a patient to spend some tine in countryside to heal themselves. Neighbors in a village live like a family. They help each other in hours of need. Villagers are simple, sincere and honest. They are hardworking. They toil in the fields despite rain and heat.
Steps have been taken for the development of the villages. Schools are being established there. Now villagers are getting good education and coming forward in many fields. now we can easily find telephones, television, computers etc. in houses in villages. Still there are some villages where even basic amenities are not available. People are not aware of any thing about their health, hygiene, happenings outside the village etc. These villages need development. So, effective steps must be taken for the development of villages.
Government of India has taken the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) for the overall development of the country. To fulfill this commitment the Ministry of Rural Development has given foremost priority to development in rural areas and eradication of poverty and hunger from the face of rural India.
A number of new initiatives have taken for creation of social and economic infrastructure in rural areas to bridge the rural urban division. Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana, National Food For Work Programme, Pradhan Mantri Sadak Yojana, Rural Housing, National Rural Employment Guarantee Act etc. are the important steps to achieve the overall development in rural life.
The liberal package for the rural poor and vulnerable sections of the village society is laudable. But the main problem is that all the benefits do not reach the targeted poor people and much of the funds are misappropriated by the concerned authorities responsible for the implementation of these packages.
Thus the Ministry of Rural Development lays great emphasis on monitoring and evaluation of all rural development programmes by introducing the Vigilance and Monitoring Committees at State and District-levels in all States and Union Territories. They furnish periodic reports to Ministry which help the Ministry to take the necessary steps.