India is a large country. It extends over an area of several thousand square miles. Its climate differs from state to state. The seasons in the South are different from those in the North. But three are four main seasons that are common to the whole India. They are the summer, the rainy season, the winter and the spring.
The summer seasons begins from the month of April and lasts upto the end of June. The sun shines at its brightest and there is intense heat. People perspire all over. In the day, hot winds, called ‘loo’, blow and many die of heat stroke. People like to wear their white clothes. Kurtas of mulmul are the popular articles of clothing in this season. While at home, people like to remain half-naked. Punkhas are used by all. The well-to-do use electric fans and cool their rooms with Khus-Ki-tatti or electric coolers. The seasons is a lazy one. People do not like to work. Hence all schools and colleges are closed during these months. Melons, water-melons, cucumber, etc, are the special fruits of the season.
The rains are most welcome after the intense heat and dryness of the summer months. Usually, the monsoon arrives in the last week of June or the beginning of July and the rainy season lasts upto the end of September. The people have a sigh of relief as the rainy season begins and the first showers fall. The timely arrival or f rains is most essential for an agricultural country like India, where the success or failure of crops depends upon the rains. The rain washes down all dust from trees and plants and all nature appears green and beautiful.
It is pleasant to take long walks or to got out on picnics. During the Sawan month, ladies like to swing on the ‘Jhulas’. The melodious Sawan songs can be heard coming out of every house during this month. Sometimes, when the rains are heavy, there are floods in the rivers of the country, causing much death and destruction. The mango, the King of fruits, is the special fruit of this season. Mangoes of different varieties can be seen hanging in large numbers from the branches of trees. Young and old, rich and poor, all like to enjoy the fruit. it is also popular with foreigners and large quantities of it are exported.
The rainy season is followed by the winter season. This lasts from October to January. This is the healthiest part of the year. Digestion is good during these months and people feel active and like to work. Woolen clothes, suits, pullovers, etc. are used to keep off the cold. The people like to bask in the sun in the day and to warm themselves by the fire in the evenings and nights. Those who can afford, use electric heathers to heat their rooms. This is the season of plenty. A large number of vegetables, and fruits grow in abundance and even the poor can eat them as they are cheap. The winter is very good for tours. Educational tours are taken out in large numbers even to the distant parts of the country. People also like to go out for sight seeing. A large number of foreigners visit our coutnry during the winter months. Dry fruits, ‘raivri’ and ‘guzzuk’ are the delicacies special to this season.
The spring, the golden season, is whose praise so much has been written, comes after the winter. It begins with the “Basant Panchmi”, early in February and continues upto the end of March. It is the season when all the trees and plants are in bloom, when the crops ripen and the fields are golden as far as the eye can see. Nature is at its best during this season. The trees are all clothed with new and bright leaves. It is green everywhere. It is neither too hot nor too cold.
People enjoy going out on picnic. Spring is a season of revelling and merry-making. The spring revels reach a climax during the Holi festival in March. There is nothing but color everywhere. People rub ‘gulal’ on each other’s face. Colored water is also freely sprinkled. The farmers are happy because their crops are ripe and they would soon reap the reward of their months of long labor.
Such are the different seasons of India. Each one of them has its own merits and demerits. The poor suffer in every season, while the rich can enjoy themselves and be comfortable even in worst one. They can enjoy the pleasures of summer in the winter and those of winter in the summer. They do not know what hardship it is to go out to work in the summer ‘loo’ or to remain scantily clothed in the winter months. In the rainy season, they do not have to experience the difficulties and miseries of the poor who live in Kuchcha mud cottages.