Some animals live in the houses of men. These are called domestic animals. Men keep them for milk, food, hunting, riding, tilling the land and for many other useful services to them. The cow, the dog, the buffalo, the horse, the sheep, the goat, the camel, the donkey, the elephant, etc. are domestic animals.
Different domestic animals and their usefulness— The cow is perhaps the most useful of all domestic animals. She gives us milk. Milk is a perfect food. It is the principal food of babies and sick persons. Butter, ghee, cheese, curd and many kinds of sweets are made of cow’s milk. The ox draws carts and ploughs the field. The cow dung is used as manure and fuel. The urine of the cow is used as medicine in many diseases. Some people eat the flesh of the cow or ox. The cow is useful to us even when she is dead. Her skin, hoof, hair, horns, bones are all useful to us. Many things are made of these. So the cow is one of the most useful animal friends of men.
Men keep buffaloes for milk and for drawing carts and ploughing the field. Various things are made also from the milk of buffaloes. The goat is kept for meat. The she-goat gives us milk. This milk is generally used by children and sick people.
The sheep is kept for its hair and flesh. The hair is made into wool. This wool is used in making warm clothes The horse is kept for riding. Some horses draw carts and carriages, plough the field and carry loads. Some horses are trained to run races. A race horse sometimes brings a large fortune to its master. Some horses are used in battle. It is a very intelligent animal. Sometimes it saves its master’s life. It has a beautiful appearance. For its intelligence and fine appearance it is called a noble animal.
The camel is kept by the people of the desert. It is very useful to those people. They get its milk and flesh. It is the only means of transport in the desert. Hence it is called the ship of the desert. The donkey is a beast of burden. It is used in carrying loads. The elephant is used in many ways. It is used for riding and for drawing and carrying heavy loads. It is used in hunting also. It is also a very intelligent animal.
None of these animals take fish or meat. They live on grass, hay leaves, grams, oilcakes, rice-gruel, etc. Among the domestic animals we have also the dog and the cat. The cat is generally kept as a domestic pet. The cat does one service to men. It kills rats and mice. But it is a thief. It eats fish and meat and drinks milk very stealthily.
The dog is a very faithful animal friend to men. It guards the house of its master. It is used in hunting. Some dogs are trained to detect criminals. They are sometimes kept as pets. They are very intelligent. Dogs and cats do not eat grass. They are fond of fish and meat. The cat is particularly fond of milk.
These domestic animals are all useful to men. Hence they should be treated kindly. They should be properly fed and taken care of.