In the primitive age, man was living like a savage. he did not know how to wear a cloth. He did not know how to make fire and cook his food. He did not know how to make a hut or a house.
He did not know how to speak. He did not know how to read and write. But gradually by the use of science he developed a great civilization.
Use of science brought about a great change:
At the dawn of civilization man developed a scientific outlook. With the help of science he made observation and experiment, though they were crude at first. he discovered the relationship between a cause and its effect. He discovered some secrets of nature. He came to know the use of fire. With the help of it, he cooked his meal and scared the wild animals. Then he came to know sowing and planting. He discovered the conditions for seeds to sprout. He discovered the process for tending plants. He grew crops and stored the surplus. He came from cave to cottage and from cottage to pucca house. He knew the tending of useful animals and put them to his service. He made many works of invention. He grew cotton were due to proper uses of science.
Modern use of science:
Uses of science are now inseparable even from out day-to-day life. With the help of science and technology we have made pin to space-craft. We have made highly complicated machines for large-scale productions. We have conquered over time and distance. We are conquering disease and sickness. Radio and telecommunications, X-Ray and electricity, rotary and railways are all the works of science. So at present the uses of science are many and varied.
Abuses of science:
Modern man has begun to abuse his scientific knowledge, invention of atom bomb is the burning example of it. Abuse of science will lead to destruction of mankind.
Abuse of science can be checked by creating a strong public opinion all over the world. Leaders of peace should keep alert and active to do the needful in this respect.
Note: This article/essay is written in easy words for School Students Only.