The difference between common carriers and private carriers are :
1. A common carrier is one who is engaged in regular trade or business, while a private carrier is engaged in a causal occupation and carries goods on occasions or under a special contract.
2. A common carrier carries foods for all persons indiscriminately; while a private carrier carries goods of particular persons of his own choice.
3. The liability of a common carrier is governed by the carriers act, 1865. The liability of a private carrier is that of a bailey.
4. A common carrier carries goods for hire or reward, while a private carrier may carry goods for hire or gratuitously.