Main defects in teaching of geography to secondary classes are given below:
(i) The curriculum and syllabus is not sufficiently planned.
(ii) The books which are available are not scientifically written and drawn up.
(iii) No practical value is attached to the teaching of the subject, i.e. students cannot make a practical use of the subject.
(iv) In the present system of teaching too much stress is laid on narration and description leaving practically no scope for observation and scientific study.
(v) Teachers are not at liberty to make proper use of teaching aids.