What are Intensive and Extensive Method of Agriculture?

(a) Intensive method of agriculture:

i. Agricultural practices refer to high inputs (either labour or capital) and usually high yields.

ii. Characteristics features of those areas where population density is much higher compared to the proper from of arable lands, e.g., market gardening and dairying.

iii. Areas of cultivation

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Japan and countries of Western Europe (advanced type) Southeast Asian countries like Bangladesh, China, and Vietnam etc.

(b) Extensive method of agriculture.

i. Characterised by low inputs of labour, low yields and large farm units, e.g. Austrial cattle ranching, and commercial grain farming.


ii. Characteristics features of those areas where there is abundant supply of land and relatively sparse population or low population density.

iii. Countries like USA and Canada (Prairies), Australia (Down), and Argentina (Pampa).

1. Monoculture: Monoculture means cultivation of single crop over years, e.g., Tea in India, Coffee in Brazil, and Banana in PuertoRico.

2. Duoculture: Rising of two crops in a year, e.g., Kharif crops (depending on monsoonal rainfall) and Rabi crops (winter crops).


3. Oligoculture: Involves cultivation of a number of crops from a land this type of agricultural practices. Greatly developed in tropical and sub-tropical countries like Japan, India, and Vietnam etc

4. Commercial agriculture: Agricultural practices run wholly for financial returns.

5. Mixed Farming: A type of agriculture, which involves both crops and livestock. This is different from mixed cultivation, which implies merely a series of different crops.

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