The word monsoon has been derived from an Arabic word ‘mausim’ which means season. It denotes a season in which the winds are completely reversed. In short, reversal of winds is called monsoon.
Characteristics of the monsoon climate of India are
- Monsoons are not certain. Their onset is sometimes very early and sometimes very late.
- Secondly, there is great variation in the amount of rainfall from year to year.
- Monsoons do not reach in equal amount all around the country. They vary from region to region.
- Continuous heavy spell of rainfall is sometimes followed by dry spell.