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What causes increase in wasteland in India ? How the area under wasteland can be decreased?.

Causes responsible for increase in waste­land in India are

  • Large scale deforestation and grazing,
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  • Spread of desertification, especially in areas deficit in rainfall and around Rajasthan.
  • Soil and water erosion,
  • Water-logging due to excessive irriga­tion. (Any three)

Suggestions to improve and reduce wasteland :

  • Afforestation on large scale,
  • Soil and water conservation through contour ploughing, growing grass in hilly areas and prohibiting grazing.
  • Deep irrigation for conserving moisture,
  • Streamlining management and river water control. (Any three).
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