Extreme Nationalism and Imperialism :
- Nationalism in the late nineteenth century came to be associated with chauvinism.
- Many nations developed myths of their superiority over other people.
- Each nation in Europe felt that it too must have colonies to add to its prestige and power.
- Imperialism became the fashion of the age. Writers and speakers in England, France and Germany opened institutions to promote the idea of imperialism, and took great pride in calling their territories empires.