How was the freedom movement in India during the Second World War ?

Freedom Movement during the Second World War :

  • In September 1939, the Second World War broke out and the British Government declared India a belligerent.
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  • The Congress demanded the establish­ment of an Indian Government responsible to the Central Legislative Assembly and the promise that independence would be given as soon as the war was over. The British Government did not agree to this.
  • Looking at the clear-cut design of Britishers, Gandhiji launched Individual Satyagraha. Selected individuals broke the law by making anti-War speeches in public.
  • Nationalist leaders condemned fascism as the enemy of the freedom of people everywhere.
  • In 1942, talks of the Indian leaders with Sir Stafford Cripps failed as the Britishers were not willing to promise complete independence even after War.
  • The Congress resolved to launch a mass civil disobedience movement for the vendication of India’s inalienable right to freedom.
  • Mahatma Gandhi gave forth the slogan ‘Quit India’. Congress was banned. Many dem­onstrations were held. Many casualties took place. However the struggle continued throughout the period of Second World War.
  • Shri Subhash Chandra Bose reorganised the Indian National Army.
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