Main features of the Indian National Movement 1942-1947 :
- Sir Stafford Cripps came to India in March 1942 to talk to the Indian leaders. But talks broke down as Britishers were not willing to give complete independence.
- As a result of this, Gandhiji gave forth the slogan ‘Quit India’. He demanded the immediate end of British rule in India.
- As an aftermath of above action, the Congress was banned and all important leaders were arrested, followed by nation-wide demonstrations.
- Shri Subhash Chandra Bose reorganised Indian National Army to liberate India.
- After the Second World War, the political climate of the world had changed. The old imperialist countries had weakened.
- There was great resentment against British rule at this time. Indians suffered in World War and three million people died in West Bengal’s Worst famine (1943).
- In February 1946, the British Government sent Cabinet Mission to India to hold discussions with Indian leaders regarding formation of Union of India.
- India achieved independence in 1947.