Meaning of Imperialism :
- The term Imperialism implies ‘Occupation and domination of one country by another’.
- Imperialism refers to the ambition of a strong and advanced country to occupy and control the backward countries in order to exploit the people and resources of the occupied countries.
- In the 19th century, Imperialism helped European powers to increase the territories under their rule in Asia and Africa.
Forms of Imperialism. There are two forms of Imperialism :
- Ancient Imperialism
- Modem or new Imperialism.
Ancient Imperialism :
- Ancient imperialism is as old as human civilization.
- Ancient nations like Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs and Chinese could build up vast empires by extending their territories beyond their own nations, for fulfilling their missionary or personal ambitions.
- The main purpose of these imperialist countries was to add political power or bring glory to the country.
Modern Imperialism (New Imperialism) :
- Industrial Revolution gave way to European Imperialism which began to discover new lands in different parts of the world.
- Modem empires were made and extended to achieve economic motives.
- The main motives were
- to discover new sources for raw material
- to dispose off their manufactured goods.
Effects of Imperialism :
- There was an unabated race for colonies among the western countries.
- It caused enmity and jealousy among imperialist countries.
- Imperialists adopted the policy of Divide and Rule and demoralised the people by their exploitation and colonial rule.
- Poverty, ignorance and many other evils were brought by way of imperialism in Asia and Africa.
- Imperialism has left its unending traces in the society in the form of slavish mentality, loss of human values and virtues and above all a corrupt society.