What is Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-34) ?

Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-34). At the Lahore Session of the Congress in 1929, it was left to Gandhiji to guide the course of national struggle for freedom. It was also decided to start disobedience movement as a first step towards the realization of complete independence.

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  • It was decided to celebrate 26th January as the Independence Day all over the country.
  • On 6th April 1930, Gandhiji started his famous march to Dandi along with 78 of his followers to break the law by making salt.
  • Mahatma Gandhi, while launching the Civil Disobedience Movement instructed the people “Let every village fetch or manufacture contraband salt, sisters should picket liquor shops, opium dens and foreign cloth dealers’ shops…… Foreign cloth should be burnt. Hindus should eschew untouchablility. Thus at several places hartals were observed and foreign clothes were burnt.
  • As soon as the Civil Disobedience Movement started, all important leader including Gandhiji and Jawaharlal Nehru were arrested. There were mass arrests, lathi charge and firing at people. Nearly one lakh people were arrested.
  • The movement was called off in view of the Gandhi Irwin Pact in 1931.
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