Nations, which object to lining up for war purposes to military blocs, to military alliances and the like, are said to be non-aligned. Non-alignment thus refers to the independent thinking of a nation about its relations with any county according to its sweet will, and as such it is not bound to follow the policy linked with any super power.
Reasons for Afro-Asian countries following non-alignment policy:
- These countries wanted permanent peace and prosperity in the whole world.
- Afro-Asian countries are newly independent countries. They want to bring about socio-economic changes in their country as early as possible. Lining up with some military blocs may hinder or retard their economic growth. Hence, they want friendly and co-operative relations with all countries.
- The newly independent countries of Africa and Asia are against imperialism and colonialism. By following the policy of non-alignment, these countries can pursue independent policies and raise a voice against imperialism.