Difference between Right and Immunity

This article contains 6 differences between Right and Immunity.


1. There are four classes of “right” in wider sense.

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2. A right in the narrow sense is that which other persons ought to do on a person’s behalf.


3. Rights are several and are granted to every person.

4. Whenever the right is violated, the person has the remedy. “Ubi jus remedium” (where there is a right there is a remedy).

5. The law helps those whose rights are infringed and violated.

6. “Duty” is the correlative of “right”.


1. “Immunity” is the fourth class.


2. “Immunity” means the law denies to others a particular power over the person.

3. Immunities are a few and are granted to a special category and under special category and under special circumstances. Example: “immunity” is provided to the parliament members, members of legislative council, while they are in parliament and legislative assemblies. [Refer Articles 105 & 194 of the constitution of India].

4. An immunity is that which other persons cannot do effectively in respect of the M.Ps., M.L.As., judges, etc.


5. The M.Ps. M.L.As., judges can use their immunities through the refusal of the law, which refuses to accord its active assistance to others.

6. “Disability” is the correlative of “immunity”.

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